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Endogenous market structure and the growth and welfare effects of economic integration

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  • Peretto, Pietro F.

Abstract

I study the growth and welfare effects of integration in a world economy populated by global oligopolists. For economies that move from autarky to trade, I show that growth and welfare rise because exit of domestic firms is more than compensated by entry of foreign firms so that integration generates a larger, more competitive market where firms have access to a larger body of technological spillovers that support faster growth. The effects of a gradual reduction of barriers to trade - a global reduction in tariffs - are different because economies start out from a situation where all firms already serve all markets. In this case, integration brings about a reduction of the global number of firms so that the variety of consumption goods and the diversity of innovation paths fall. The surviving firms, on the other hand, are larger and exploit static and dynamic economies of scale to a larger degree. These homogeneization and rationalization effects work in opposite directions. Under plausible conditions, the rationalization effect dominates and growth and welfare rise.

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  • Peretto, Pietro F., 2000. "Endogenous market structure and the growth and welfare effects of economic integration," Working Papers 00-14, Duke University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:duk:dukeec:00-14
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bas Straathof, 2004. "The Welfare Effects of Economic Integration when Products are Patented," DEGIT Conference Papers c009_024, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    2. Minniti, Antonio, 2011. "Knowledge appropriability, firm size, and growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 438-454, September.
    3. Tapio Palokangas, 2005. "Common markets, economic growth, and creative destruction," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 86(1), pages 57-76, December.
    4. Gersbach, Hans & Schneider, Maik T., 2015. "On the global supply of basic research," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 123-137.
    5. Giammario Impullitti, 2010. "International Competition And U.S. R&D Subsidies: A Quantitative Welfare Analysis," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 51(4), pages 1127-1158, November.
    6. Navas Antonio & Licandro Omar, 2011. "Trade Liberalization, Competition and Growth," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-28, May.
    7. Giammario Impullitti, 2007. "International Schumpeterian Competition and Optimal R&D subsidies," Economics Working Papers ECO2007/55, European University Institute.
    8. Davis, Colin & Hashimoto, Ken-ichi, 2014. "Patterns of technology, industry concentration, and productivity growth without scale effects," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 266-278.
    9. Navas, Antonio, 2015. "Trade liberalisation and innovation under sector heterogeneity," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 42-62.
    10. Luca Benedictis & Marco Gallegati & Massimo Tamberi, 2009. "Overall trade specialization and economic development: countries diversify," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 145(1), pages 37-55, April.
    11. Saade Chami & Selim Elekdag & Ivan Tchakarov, 2007. "What are the Potential Economic Benefits of Enlarging the Gulf Cooperation Council?," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 521-548.
    12. Navas, Antonio, 2010. "La Apertura al Comercio Exterior y sus Efectos sobre la Productividad en Presencia de Diferencias Intersectoriales," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2010/04, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
    13. Federico Etro, 2012. "Endogenous Market Structures and International Trade. II: Optimal Trade Policy," Working Papers 2012:32, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
    14. K. Yamamoto & T. Morita & F. Cerina, 2013. "Integration and Welfare with Horizontal Multinationals," Working Paper CRENoS 201307, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    15. Jaewon Jung, 2015. "Technology, Skill, and Growth in a Global Economy," THEMA Working Papers 2015-08, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    16. Giammario Impullitti, 2007. "International Technological Competition and Optimal R&D Subsidies in the US: 1973-1990," 2007 Meeting Papers 747, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    17. Naito, Takumi, 2012. "A Ricardian model of trade and growth with endogenous trade status," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 80-88.
    18. Navas, Antonio, 2012. "Asymmetric trade liberalization, sector heterogeneity and Innovation," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2012/05, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
    19. Federico Etro, 2014. "Some thoughts on the Sutton approach," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 112(2), pages 99-113, June.
    20. Luca De Benedictis & Marco Gallegati & Massimo Tamberi, 2006. "Overall Specialization and Income: Countries Diversity," Working Papers 37-2006, Macerata University, Department of Finance and Economic Sciences, revised Oct 2008.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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