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Global Imbalances and Petrodollars


  • Rabah Arezki
  • Fuad Hasanov


Oil exporters have run large current account surpluses. We explore oil exporters' role in our understanding and the resolution of global imbalances. Current account dynamics are estimated for oil-exporting countries and the rest of the world. We find that fiscal policy has a much stronger effect on current account of oil exporters than on current account of other countries. The current account adjustment of oil-exporting countries is also faster than that of other countries. We conclude that a change in fiscal policy of oil exporters can have significant and speedy impact on global imbalances.
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  • Rabah Arezki & Fuad Hasanov, 2013. "Global Imbalances and Petrodollars," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(2), pages 213-232, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:36:y:2013:i:2:p:213-232 DOI: 10.1111/twec.2013.36.issue-2

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    1. repec:bla:reviec:v:25:y:2017:i:5:p:949-974 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Blaise Gnimassoun & Marc Joets & Tovonony Razafindrabe, 2016. "On the link between current account and oil price fluctuation in diversified economies: The case of Canada," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 2016-08, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    3. Allegret, Jean-Pierre & Couharde, Cécile & Coulibaly, Dramane & Mignon, Valérie, 2014. "Current accounts and oil price fluctuations in oil-exporting countries: The role of financial development," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 185-201.
    4. Emir Zildžović, 2015. "The Sustainability Of Serbia`S External Position: The Impact Of Fiscal Adjustment And External Shocks," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade, vol. 60(204), pages 31-60, January –.
    5. Alberto Behar & Armand Fouejieu, 2016. "External Adjustment in Oil Exporters; The Role of Fiscal Policy and the Exchange Rate," IMF Working Papers 16/107, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Paul Cashin & Samya Beidas-Strom, 2011. "Are Middle Eastern Current Account Imbalances Excessive?," IMF Working Papers 11/195, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Ibrahim Turhan & Erk Hacihasanoglu & Ugur Soytas, 2013. "Oil Prices and Emerging Market Exchange Rates," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(S1), pages 21-36, January.
    8. Olusegun Akanbi, 2015. "Fiscal policy and current account in an oil-rich economy: the case of Nigeria," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 48(4), pages 1563-1585, June.
    9. Enrique Moral-Benito & Oliver Röhn, 2014. "The Impact of Financial (De-)Regulation on Current Account Balances," CESifo Working Paper Series 5082, CESifo Group Munich.
    10. Coulibaly, Issiaka & Davis, Junior, 2013. "Exchange rate regimes and economic performance: Does CFA zone membership benefit their economies?," MPRA Paper 54075, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Moral-Benito, Enrique & Roehn, Oliver, 2016. "The impact of financial regulation on current account balances," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 148-166.
    12. Ibrahim Turhan & Erk Hacihasanoglu & Ugur Soytas, 2013. "Oil Prices and Emerging Market Exchange Rates," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 49(S1), pages 21-36, January.
    13. Blaise Gnimassoun, 2017. "Exchange rate misalignments and the external balance under a pegged currency system," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(5), pages 949-974, November.
    14. International Monetary Fund, 2011. "Kuwait; Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 11/218, International Monetary Fund.

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