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Ökonomische Bewertung des Erneuerbare Energien Gesetzes zur Förderung von Biogas


  • Ruth Delzeit
  • Karin Holm-Müller
  • Wolfgang Britz


Biogasproduktion wird in Deutschland mit dem Ziel des Klima- und Umweltschutzes sowie der Substitution fossiler Energieträger durch das Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (EEG) gefördert. Dieser Beitrag analysiert quantitativ durch Kopplung eines Agrarsektor- und eines Standortmodells die Novellierung des EEGs in 2008. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Novellierung durch einen verstärkten Ausbau der Energieerzeugung durch Biogas zur weiteren Substitution fossiler Energieträger beiträgt, allerdings auch zu höheren Kosten pro erzeugter Einheit Strom. Die Flächeneffizienz sinkt, während Transportemissionen ansteigen. Eine alternativ untersuchte Ausgestaltung einer anlageunabhängigen Vergütung im EEG zeigt die höchste Subventionseffizienz, bei allerdings niedrigerer Flächeneffizienz und höheren Transportemissionen im Vergleich zum EEG vor der Novellierung.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Ruth Delzeit & Karin Holm-Müller & Wolfgang Britz, 2012. "Ökonomische Bewertung des Erneuerbare Energien Gesetzes zur Förderung von Biogas," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 13(3), pages 251-265, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:perwir:v:13:y:2012:i:3:p:251-265
    DOI: j.1468-2516.2012.00388.x

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Delzeit, Ruth & Britz, Wolfgang & Holm-Müller, Karin, 2011. "Modelling regional input markets with numerous processing plants: The case of green maize for biogas production in Germany," Discussion Papers 162892, University of Bonn, Institute for Food and Resource Economics.
    2. Gomann, Horst & Kreins, Peter & Breuer, Thomas, 2007. "Deutschland – Energie-Corn-Belt Europas?," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 56(5/6).
    3. Martin Banse & Hans van Meijl & Andrzej Tabeau & Geert Woltjer, 2008. "Will EU biofuel policies affect global agricultural markets?," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 35(2), pages 117-141, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Britz, Wolfgang & Delzeit, Ruth, 2013. "The impact of German biogas production on European and global agricultural markets, land use and the environment," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1268-1275.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy


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