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Deutschland – Energie-Corn-Belt Europas?


  • Gomann, Horst
  • Kreins, Peter
  • Breuer, Thomas


The amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) in 2004 has established an attractive support of using renewable resources for energy production, which since then has fuelled a rapid expansion of the competitive cropping of energy maize. The regionalised agricultural sector model RAUMIS was applied to calculate expected energy maize production as well as impacts on agricultural land use, production and income. Accordingly, the energy maize acreage rises up to about 1.8 mill hectares in the long run leading to substantial land use changes. The produced energy maize for biogas and power generation respectively is sufficient to provide circa 9% of the current German total electricity generation. In regard to the costs for the current consumer which amount to 4.4 bn € per year compared to electricity on the basis of fossil resources as well as the long term commitment to this specific power generation technology it is strongly recommended to review the measures set out in the EEG with respect to its efficiency to achieve the pursued objectives.

Suggested Citation

  • Gomann, Horst & Kreins, Peter & Breuer, Thomas, 2007. "Deutschland – Energie-Corn-Belt Europas?," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 56(5/6).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:joiatd:96751

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Isermeyer, Folkhard & Zimmer, Yelto, 2006. "Thesen zur Bioenergie-Politik in Deutschland," Arbeitsberichte aus der vTI-Agrarökonomie 02/2006, Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries.
    2. Britz, Wolfgang & Heckelei, Thomas & Perez Dominguez, Ignacio, 2006. "Effects of decoupling on land use: an EU wide, regionally differentiated analysis," German Journal of Agricultural Economics, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Department for Agricultural Economics, vol. 55(5/6).
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    Cited by:

    1. Raupach, Katharina & Marggraf, Rainer, 2009. "Verbraucherschutz vor dem Schimmelpilzgift Deoxynivalenol in Getreideprodukten Aktuelle Situation und Verbesserungsmöglichkeiten," 54th Annual Conference, Goettingen, Germany, September 17-19, 2014 187433, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
    2. Delzeit, Ruth & Britz, Wolfgang & Kreins, Peter, 2012. "An economic assessment of biogas production and land use under the German renewable energy source act," Kiel Working Papers 1767 [rev.], Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    3. Ruth Delzeit & Karin Holm-Müller & Wolfgang Britz, 2012. "Ökonomische Bewertung des Erneuerbare Energien Gesetzes zur Förderung von Biogas," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 13(3), pages 251-265, August.
    4. Britz, Wolfgang & van Ittersum, Martin K. & Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M. & Heckelei, Thomas, 2012. "Tools for Integrated Assessment in Agriculture. State of the Art and Challenges," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), issue 2, August.
    5. Feil, Jan-Henning & Mußhoff, Oliver & Roeren-Wiemers, Tobias, 2013. "Einzelbetriebliche Auswirkungen politischer Strukturreformen in der Landwirtschaft: Erste empirische Erkenntnisse," Structural Change in Agriculture/Strukturwandel im Agrarsektor (SiAg) Working Papers 158268, Humboldt University Berlin, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    6. Jochen Thiering & Enno Bahrs, 2008. "Optionen für eine überregional nachhaltige Standortevaluierung für die Biogasproduktion und -einspeisung," Journal of Socio-Economics in Agriculture (Until 2015: Yearbook of Socioeconomics in Agriculture), Swiss Society for Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, vol. 1(1), pages 21-38.


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