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Business dynamics of innovating firms: Linking U.S. patents with administrative data on workers and firms

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  • Stuart J.H. Graham
  • Cheryl Grim
  • Tariqul Islam
  • Alan C. Marco
  • Javier Miranda

Abstract

This paper discusses the construction of a new longitudinal database tracking inventors and patent‐owning firms over time. We match granted patents between 2000 and 2011 to administrative databases of firms and workers housed at the U.S. Census Bureau. We use inventor information in addition to the patent assignee firm name to improve on previous efforts linking patents to firms. The triangulated database allows us to maximize match rates and provide validation for a large fraction of matches. In this paper, we describe the construction of the database and explore basic features of the data. We find patenting firms, particularly young patenting firms, disproportionally contribute jobs to the U.S. economy. We find that patenting is a relatively rare event among small firms but that most patenting firms are nevertheless small, and that patenting is not as rare an event for the youngest firms compared to the oldest firms. Although manufacturing firms are more likely to patent than firms in other sectors, we find that most patenting firms are in the services and wholesale sectors. These new data are a product of collaboration within the U.S. Department of Commerce, between the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

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  • Stuart J.H. Graham & Cheryl Grim & Tariqul Islam & Alan C. Marco & Javier Miranda, 2018. "Business dynamics of innovating firms: Linking U.S. patents with administrative data on workers and firms," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(3), pages 372-402, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jemstr:v:27:y:2018:i:3:p:372-402
    DOI: 10.1111/jems.12260
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    Cited by:

    1. Marco Grazzi & Chiara Piccardo & Cecilia Vergari, 2020. "Concordance and complementarity in IP instruments," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(7), pages 756-788, August.
    2. Dustin Chambers & Patrick A. McLaughlin & Tyler Richards, 2022. "Regulation, entrepreneurship, and firm size," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 61(2), pages 108-134, April.
    3. Nikolas Zolas & Zachary Kroff & Erik Brynjolfsson & Kristina McElheran & David N. Beede & Cathy Buffington & Nathan Goldschlag & Lucia Foster & Emin Dinlersoz, 2020. "Advanced Technologies Adoption and Use by U.S. Firms: Evidence from the Annual Business Survey," NBER Working Papers 28290, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Pierre Azoulay & Benjamin F. Jones & J. Daniel Kim & Javier Miranda, 2022. "Immigration and Entrepreneurship in the United States," American Economic Review: Insights, American Economic Association, vol. 4(1), pages 71-88, March.
    5. Argente, David & Baslandze, Salomé & Hanley, Douglas & Moreira, Sara, 2020. "Patents to Products: Product Innovation and Firm Dynamics," CEPR Discussion Papers 14692, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Nilsen, Øivind A. & Raknerud, Arvid, 2022. "Dynamics of First-Time Patenting Firms," Discussion Paper Series in Economics 11/2022, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Economics.
    7. Emin M. Dinlersoz & Nathan Goldschlag & Amanda Myers & Nikolas Zolas, 2018. "An Anatomy of US Firms Seeking Trademark Registration," NBER Chapters, in: Measuring and Accounting for Innovation in the Twenty-First Century, pages 183-228, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Yuheng Ding & Karam Jo & Seula Kim, 2022. "Improving Patent Assignee-Firm Bridge with Web Search Results," Working Papers 22-31, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    9. Melissa Chow & Teresa C. Fort & Christopher Goetz & Nathan Goldschlag & James Lawrence & Elisabeth Ruth Perlman & Martha Stinson & T. Kirk White, 2021. "Redesigning the Longitudinal Business Database," Working Papers 21-08, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    10. Nathan Goldschlag & Ron Jarmin & Julia Lane & Nikolas Zolas, 2019. "Research Experience as Human Capital in New Business Outcomes," NBER Chapters, in: Measuring and Accounting for Innovation in the Twenty-First Century, pages 229-254, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. M. Grazzi & C. Piccardo & C. Vergari, 2019. "Concordance and complementarity in Intellectual Property instruments," Working Papers wp1127, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    12. Lucia Foster, 2020. "Panel Remarks: Measuring Business Innovation Using a Multidimensional Approach," NBER Chapters, in: The Role of Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Economic Growth, pages 569-575, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Akcigit, Ufuk & Dinlersoz, Emin & Greenwood, Jeremy & Penciakova, Veronika, 2022. "Synergizing ventures," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 143(C).
    14. Evangelia Chalioti & Kyriakos Drivas & Sarantis Kalyvitis & Margarita Katsimi, 2020. "Innovation, patents and trade: A firm‐level analysis," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 53(3), pages 949-981, August.
    15. Geraldo Cerqueiro & Deepak Hegde & María Fabiana Penas & Robert C. Seamans, 2017. "Debtor Rights, Credit Supply, and Innovation," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 63(10), pages 3311-3327, October.
    16. Lucia Foster & Cheryl Grim & John C. Haltiwanger & Zoltan Wolf, 2019. "Innovation, Productivity Dispersion, and Productivity Growth," NBER Chapters, in: Measuring and Accounting for Innovation in the Twenty-First Century, pages 103-136, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    17. Kyriakos Drivas & Margarita Katsimi, 2019. "Firm Heterogeneity and Exports: Stylized Facts from Greek Firms," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 47(2), pages 137-145, June.
    18. Schmitz, Tom, 2021. "Endogenous growth, firm heterogeneity and the long-run impact of financial crises," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 132(C).
    19. Javier Miranda & Nikolas Zolas, 2017. "Measuring the Impact of Household Innovation Using Administrative Data," NBER Chapters, in: Measuring and Accounting for Innovation in the Twenty-First Century, pages 61-102, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    20. Nathan Goldschlag & Elisabeth Perlman, 2017. "Business Dynamic Statistics of Innovative Firms," Working Papers 17-72, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.

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