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Patent transactions in the marketplace: Lessons from the USPTO Patent Assignment Dataset

Author

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  • Stuart J. H. Graham
  • Alan C. Marco
  • Amanda F. Myers

Abstract

Transaction records involving U.S. patent documents have been maintained by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) for over 40 years, but have not been extensively used by scholars. One explanation is that these data have not been in a form amenable for research. To help remedy this deficiency and to foster scholarship, the USPTO Office of Chief Economist is curating internal agency records to release a series of datasets in research‐ready formats. This article describes the USPTO Patent Assignment Dataset (UPAD), a relational database of roughly 6 million assignments, licenses, securitizations, and other conveyances involving about 10 million U.S. patents and patent applications, recorded 1970–2014. To promote research uses, this article provides a comprehensive data description and presents stylized facts derived from the records. Although this article discusses several limitations inherent in using these data, the release of the UPAD creates opportunities to conduct original research, particularly relating to intellectual property collateralization and the markets for technology and innovation.

Suggested Citation

  • Stuart J. H. Graham & Alan C. Marco & Amanda F. Myers, 2018. "Patent transactions in the marketplace: Lessons from the USPTO Patent Assignment Dataset," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(3), pages 343-371, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jemstr:v:27:y:2018:i:3:p:343-371
    DOI: 10.1111/jems.12262
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ashish Arora & Sharon Belenzon & Andrea Patacconi & Jungkyu Suh, 2020. "The Changing Structure of American Innovation: Some Cautionary Remarks for Economic Growth," Innovation Policy and the Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 20(1), pages 39-93.
    2. Uijun Kwon & Youngjung Geum, 2020. "Identification of promising inventions considering the quality of knowledge accumulation: a machine learning approach," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 125(3), pages 1877-1897, December.
    3. Valerio STERZI, 2020. "Patent assertion entities and patent ownership transparency: strategic recording of patent transactions at the USPTO," Bordeaux Economics Working Papers 2020-19, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée (GREThA).
    4. Gaetan de Rassenfosse & Kyle Higham, 2019. "Decentralising the Patent System," Working Papers 6, Chair of Innovation and IP Policy.
    5. Stuart J.H. Graham & Cheryl Grim & Tariqul Islam & Alan C. Marco & Javier Miranda, 2018. "Business dynamics of innovating firms: Linking U.S. patents with administrative data on workers and firms," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(3), pages 372-402, September.
    6. Stuart J.H. Graham & Alan C. Marco & Richard Miller, 2018. "The USPTO Patent Examination Research Dataset: A window on patent processing," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(3), pages 554-578, September.
    7. Valerio Sterzi & Jean-Paul Rameshkoumar & Johannes Van Der Pol, 2020. "Non-practicing entities and transparency in patent ownership in Europe," Bordeaux Economics Working Papers 2020-10, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée (GREThA).
    8. Rishi R. Sharma & Joel Slemrod & Michael Stimmelmayr, 2021. "Tax Losses and Ex-Ante Offshore Transfer of Intellectual Property," CESifo Working Paper Series 9262, CESifo.
    9. Kwon, Seokbeom, 2020. "How does patent transfer affect innovation of firms?," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 154(C).
    10. Sandro Montresor & Gianluca Orsatti & Francesco Quatraro, 2020. "Technological novelty and key enabling technologies: Evidence from European regions," Discussion Paper series in Regional Science & Economic Geography 2020-05, Gran Sasso Science Institute, Social Sciences, revised Sep 2020.

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