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Why do Agricultural Credit Cooperatives Merge? The Portuguese Experience

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  • Paula Cabo
  • Joao Rebelo

Abstract

Over the last decade, increasing financial problems in the Portuguese Agricultural Credit Cooperatives (ACCs), mainly difficulty in gathering equity, have forced them to pursue an intensive merger activity. This paper describes the economic reasons that have led the ACCs to merge, and analyses the ex post merger impact on their economic performance. The results show that: (a) incorporating ACCs are larger, more profitable and hold a better credit management; (b) incorporated ACCs are smaller, face difficulties in reaching a minimum efficient scale and have weaker credit management as well as leverage problems; and (c) merged ACCs have a heavy administrative cost structure and also face profitability problems. Regarding the mergers' ex post impact on the ACCs performance, we find no positive influence on cost reduction, credit management and solvency ratio. Copyright CIRIEC, 2005.

Suggested Citation

  • Paula Cabo & Joao Rebelo, 2005. "Why do Agricultural Credit Cooperatives Merge? The Portuguese Experience," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 76(3), pages 491-516, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:annpce:v:76:y:2005:i:3:p:491-516
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    Cited by:

    1. Cabo, Paula & Rebelo, Joao, 2006. "Governance Control Mechanisms in Portuguese Agricultural Credit Cooperatives," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25338, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Jos Bijman Jan Brusselaers & Krijn Poppe & Tomas Garcia Azcarate, 2014. "Dp Policy Measures Impact the Position and Performance of Farmers' Cooperatives in the EU?," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 85(4), pages 531-553, December.
    3. Wim Fonteyne, 2007. "Cooperative Banks in Europe—Policy Issues," IMF Working Papers 07/159, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Cabo, Paula & Rebelo, Joao, 2005. "Governance Control Mechanisms in Portuguese Agricultural Credit Cooperatives," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24623, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Gregory McKee & Albert Kagan, 2016. "Determinants of recent structural change for small asset U.S. credit unions," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 775-795, October.
    6. Gabriel J. Power & Victoria Salin & John L. Park, 2012. "Strategic options associated with cooperative members' equity," Agricultural Finance Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 72(1), pages 48-67, March.
    7. Paolo Coccorese & Giovanni Ferri & Fabiola Spiniello, 2017. "Are mergers among cooperative banks worth a dime? Evidence on post-M&A efficiency in Italy," CERBE Working Papers wpC18, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.

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