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Efficiency Effects of Bank Mergers and Acquisitions


  • H.P. Huizinga

    (Tilburg University)

  • J.H.M. Nelissen

    () (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • R. Vander Vennet

    (Gent University)


Next to technological progress and deregulation, theintroduction of the euro is widely considered to be an importantcatalyst for bank consolidation in Europe. In order to assessthe public policy issues surrounding bank mergers, this paperanalyzes the efficiency effects of 52 horizontal bank mergersover the period 1994-1998, i.e. the period immediately precedingthe start of EMU. We find evidence of substantial unexploitedscale economies and large X-inefficiencies in European banking.The dynamic merger analysis indicates that the cost efficiencyof merging banks is positively affected by the merger, while therelative degree of profit efficiency improves only marginally.We do not find any evidence that merging banks are able toexercise greater market power in the deposit market. Hence, thebank M&As in this study appear to be socially beneficial.

Suggested Citation

  • H.P. Huizinga & J.H.M. Nelissen & R. Vander Vennet, 2001. "Efficiency Effects of Bank Mergers and Acquisitions," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 01-088/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20010088

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre-Guillaume Meon & Laurent Weill, 2005. "Can mergers in Europe help banks hedge against macroeconomic risk?," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(5), pages 315-326.
    2. Athanasoglou, Panayiotis & Brissimis, Sophocles, 2004. "The effect of M&A on bank efficiency in Greece," MPRA Paper 16449, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Asimakopoulos, Ioannis & Athanasoglou, Panayiotis P., 2013. "Revisiting the merger and acquisition performance of European banks," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 237-249.
    4. Lamberte, Mario B. & Manlagnit, Ma. Chelo V., 2004. "Evaluating the Impacts of Competition Policy Reforms on the Efficiency of Philippine Commercial Banks," Discussion Papers DP 2004-46, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    5. D. Van den Poel, 2003. "Predicting Mail-Order Repeat Buying. Which Variables Matter?," Review of Business and Economic Literature, KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business, Review of Business and Economic Literature, vol. 0(3), pages 371-404.
    6. Roberto J. Santillán Salgado, 2011. "Banking Concentration in the European Union during the Last Fifteen Years," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 58(2), pages 245-266, June.
    7. Elena Beccalli & Pascal Frantz, 2009. "M&A Operations and Performance in Banking," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 36(2), pages 203-226, December.
    8. García-Suaza, Andrés Felipe & Gómez-González, José E., 2010. "The competing risks of acquiring and being acquired: Evidence from Colombia's financial sector," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 437-449, December.
    9. Elena Beccalli & Pascal Frantz, 2008. "Do M&As in the EU banking industry lead to an increase in performance?," Working Papers 50-2008, Macerata University, Department of Finance and Economic Sciences, revised Dec 2009.
    10. Amel, Dean & Barnes, Colleen & Panetta, Fabio & Salleo, Carmelo, 2004. "Consolidation and efficiency in the financial sector: A review of the international evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(10), pages 2493-2519, October.
    11. Peter Egger & Franz R. Hahn, 2006. "Endogenous Bank Mergers and Their Impact on Banking Performance," WIFO Working Papers 271, WIFO.
    12. Aiello, Francesco & Bonanno, Graziella, 2016. "Bank efficiency and local market conditions. Evidence from Italy," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 70-90.
    13. repec:wsi:rpbfmp:v:16:y:2013:i:04:n:s0219091513500227 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Horst Gischer & Toni Richter, 2011. "'Global Player' im Bankenwesen - ökonomisch sinnvoll oder problembehaftet?," FEMM Working Papers 110012, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management.
    15. Robert DeYoung & Douglas Evanoff & Philip Molyneux, 2009. "Mergers and Acquisitions of Financial Institutions: A Review of the Post-2000 Literature," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 36(2), pages 87-110, December.
    16. Alessio De Vincenzo & Claudio Doria & Carmelo Salleo, 2005. "The Motivations for Bank Takeovers: Some Empirical Evidence from Italy," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 64(4), pages 327-358, December.
    17. José Luis Carreño & Gino Loyola & Yolanda Portilla, 2010. "Eficiencia Bancaria en Chile: un Enfoque de Frontera de Beneficios," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 603, Central Bank of Chile.
    18. Claudia M. Buch & Gayle L. DeLong, 2008. "Banking Globalization: International Consolidation and Mergers in Banking," IAW Discussion Papers 38, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
    19. Jean-Paul Abraham & Peter van Dijcke, 2002. "European Financial Cross-Border Consolidation: At the crossroads in Europe? By exception, evolution or revolution?," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 22 edited by Morten Balling, March.

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