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Global imbalances and financial stability

  • Noyer, C.
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    Much of the policy debate in coming years will hinge on two questions: have global imbalances contributed to the financial crisis? Is a reduction in global imbalances a prerequisite to ensuring global financial stability? In light of available research and analysis, it is reasonable to argue that common causes likely lay behind both the crisis and global imbalances. They include heterogeneous saving preferences, asymmetric financial development across countries engaged in global financial markets, and the undersupply of liquid and safe assets at the aggregate level. Looking ahead, the international community has to strike the right balance between, on the one hand, countries’ legitimate sovereignty over monetary, capital account, and exchange rate policies and, on the other hand, intensified interdependencies, the global system’s increased complexity, and diverging economic prospects across countries. Rebalancing world demand will no doubt be a gradual, long-run process. To help foster an orderly unwinding, all countries need to ensure that their policies do not create further distortions in the global economy. Several improvements to the international monetary system could be considered to help reduce incentives for distortive policies.

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    File URL: http://www.banque-france.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/banque_de_france/publications/Revue_de_la_stabilite_financiere/etude13_rsf_1102.pdf
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    Article provided by Banque de France in its journal Financial Stability Review.

    Volume (Year): (2011)
    Issue (Month): 15 (February)
    Pages: 107-112

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    Handle: RePEc:bfr:fisrev:2011:15:13
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Banque de France 31 Rue Croix des Petits Champs LABOLOG - 49-1404 75049 PARIS
    Web page: http://www.banque-france.fr/

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    1. Lane, Philip R. & Shambaugh, Jay C, 2007. "Financial Exchange Rates and International Currency Exposures," CEPR Discussion Papers 6473, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Jiandong Ju & Shang-Jin Wei, 2010. "Domestic Institutions and the Bypass Effect of Financial Globalization," Working Papers 222010, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    3. Ricardo J. Caballero & Arvind Krishnamurthy, 2009. "Global Imbalances and Financial Fragility," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 584-88, May.
    4. Romain Ranciere & Olivier Jeanne, 2006. "The Optimal Level of International Reserves for Emerging Market Countries; Formulas and Applications," IMF Working Papers 06/229, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Obstfeld, Maurice & Shambaugh, Jay C & Taylor, Alan M., 2008. "Financial Stability, the Trilemma, and International Reserves," CEPR Discussion Papers 6693, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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