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What International Monetary System for a Fast-Changing World Economy


  • Agnès Bénassy-Quéré

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - Centre d'analyse stratégique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Jean Pisani-Ferry


Though the renminbi is not yet convertible, the international monetary regime has already started to move towards a 'multipolar' system, with the dollar, the euro and the renminbi as its key likely pillars. This shift corresponds to the long-term evolution of the balance of economic weight in the world economy. Such an evolution may mitigate some of the flaws of the present (non-) system, such as the rigidity of key exchange rates, the asymmetry of balance of-payments adjustments or what remains of the Triffin dilemma. However it may exacerbate other problems, such as short-run exchange rate volatility or the scope for ‘currency wars’, while leaving key questions unresolved, such as the response to capital flows global liquidity provision. Hence, in itself, a multipolar regime can be both the best and the worst of all regimes.Which of these alternatives will materialise depends on the degree of cooperation within a multilateral framework.
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Suggested Citation

  • Agnès Bénassy-Quéré & Jean Pisani-Ferry, 2011. "What International Monetary System for a Fast-Changing World Economy," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00684194, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00684194
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bénassy-Quéré, Agnès & Forouheshfar, Yeganeh, 2015. "The impact of yuan internationalization on the stability of the international monetary system," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 115-135.
    2. repec:wsi:jicepx:v:03:y:2012:i:03:n:s1793993312500184 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    systeme monetaire international;

    JEL classification:

    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements


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