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State and Trends of Bulgaria’s Foreign Trade with Ores and Concentrates


  • Borislava Galabova
  • Nedialko Nestorov


The paper presents the results of a study of the state and dynamics of the foreign trade of Bulgaria with some of the commodities of the country's trade list – the ones from class “Ores and Concentrates”. It covers the period 2000-2016. Foreign trade situation is defined on the basis of processing and analyzing data published by national and international organizations. State and trends of Bulgaria's foreign trade with these strategic products of the mining industry are assessed in the context of the rapidly changing national, European and global market situation. The geographic concentration and sustainability of exports and imports are determined by developing specific coefficients. On this methodological basis, summaries have been made about the current foreign trade situation.

Suggested Citation

  • Borislava Galabova & Nedialko Nestorov, 2018. "State and Trends of Bulgaria’s Foreign Trade with Ores and Concentrates," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 1, pages 109-140.
  • Handle: RePEc:bas:econst:y:2018:i:1:p:109-140

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Vesselin Mitev & Boryana Trifonova & Borislava Galabova, 2017. "Labor Productivity in the Bulgarian Mining Industry," Izvestia Journal of the Union of Scientists - Varna. Economic Sciences Series, Union of Scientists - Varna, Economic Sciences Section, issue 2, pages 40-48, November.
    2. Ali, Ridwan & Alwang, Jeffrey & Siegel, Paul B., 1991. "Is export diversification the best way to achieve export growth and stability? A look at three African countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 729, The World Bank.
    3. David Hummels & Alexandre Skiba, 2004. "Shipping the Good Apples Out? An Empirical Confirmation of the Alchian-Allen Conjecture," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(6), pages 1384-1402, December.
    4. Olivier Cadot & Céline Carrère & Vanessa Strauss-Kahn, 2011. "Export Diversification: What's behind the Hump?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(2), pages 590-605, May.
    5. Paskal Zhelev, 2009. "Export Specialisation of Bulgaria in the Relations with the European Union (1999-2007)," Nauchni trudove, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 1, pages 229-278, March.
    6. Peter B. Kenen, 1965. "Nature, Capital, and Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 73(5), pages 437-437.
    7. Marinov, Eduard, 2017. "Външнотърговските Отношения На България [Bulgarian International Trade Relations]," MPRA Paper 84313, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Kemp, Murray C. & Van Long, Ngo, 1984. "The role of natural resources in trade models," Handbook of International Economics, in: R. W. Jones & P. B. Kenen (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 8, pages 367-417, Elsevier.
    9. Davis, Graham A, 1998. "The minerals sector, sectoral analysis, and economic development," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 217-228, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dimitar Zlatinov, 2018. "A Modelling Approach for Forecasting Net Exports of Electricity from Bulgaria," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 5, pages 147-153.
    2. Petia Branzova & Nedialko Nestorov, 2023. "Geographic concentration and geographic sustainability of honey exports from Bulgaria," Economic Thought journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 1, pages 59-72.
    3. Nedialko Nestorov, 2019. "Geographic Sustainability and Geographic Concentration of Bulgarian Export," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 1, pages 50-55.
    4. Kostadin Kolarov & Yordanka Ivanova & Branimir Yordanov & Krasimira Shindarova & Nedialko Nestorov, 2021. "Determinants and Models of Competitive Performance of SMEs in an International Business Environment: Combining Macro-Level and Firm-Level Analyses," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 6, pages 106-125.
    5. Nedyalko Nestorov & Petia Branzova, 2022. "Sustainability of Production and Export of Main Cereal and Oil Crops from Bulgaria," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 8, pages 146-171.
    6. Georgieva, Daniela & Georgieva, Teodora, 2020. "Staff-related disclosures as an element of social policies on the model of Bulgarian black sea hotels," MPRA Paper 103391, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Sep 2020.
    7. Mitko Dimitrov & Alexander Tassev & Nedialko Nestorov, 2021. "Contribution of SMEs to the Bulgarian Export," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 5, pages 72-92.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F50 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - General
    • L70 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - General


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