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Alimentação, Nutrição e Saúde em Programas de Transferência de Renda: Evidências para o Programa Bolsa Família

  • Rafael de Sousa Camelo

    (Itaú-Unibanco, Brasil)

  • Priscilla Albuquerque Tavares

    (Mackenzie e Fundação Getulio Vargas (EESP-FGV), Brasil)

  • Carlos César Santejo Saiani

    (Mackenzie e Fundação Getulio Vargas (EESP-FGV), Brasil)

Este artigo avalia o impacto do Programa Bolsa Família (PBF) sobre a segurança alimentar dos domicílios beneficiários e sobre indicadores da saúde de crianças de zero a seis anos: medidas antropométricas (altura/idade, peso/idade, peso/altura e índice de massa corporal) e mortalidade infantil. Utilizamos dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Demografia e Saúde de 2006 do Ministério da Saúde. A segurança alimentar foi medida pela escala brasileira de insegurança alimentar (EBIA), os indicadores antropométricos seguem os padrões da OMS e a mortalidade infantil foi avaliada no nível domiciliar. A estratégia de identificação adotada foi o propensity score matching. Os resultados apontam que o PBF contribui para que os domicílios saiam da condição de insegurança alimentar leve. Estimou-se também que o PBF eleva a probabilidade de a criança ter peso adequado para sua idade e para sua altura, quando comparado a crianças com sobrepeso. O mesmo efeito não é encontrado para crianças abaixo do peso. Finalmente, o programa não se mostrou estatisticamente importante para explicar a mortalidade infantil.

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Article provided by ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics] in its journal Economia.

Volume (Year): 10 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 685_713

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Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:10:y:2009:i:4:685_713
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