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Taxes and quality: A market-level analysis

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  • James, Jennifer S.
  • Alston, Julian M.

Abstract

Aconventional assumption of product homogeneity when the commodity of interest is actually heterogeneous will lead to errors in an analysis of the incidence of policies, such as taxes. In this article, an equilibrium displacement model is used to derive analytical solutions for price, quantity, and quality effects of ad valorem and per unit taxes. The results show how parameters determine the effects of tax policies on quality. The potential for tax-induced distortions in quality, and the distributive consequences of those distortions, are illustrated in a case study of the market for Australian wine.

Suggested Citation

  • James, Jennifer S. & Alston, Julian M., 2002. "Taxes and quality: A market-level analysis," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 46(3), pages 1-29.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aareaj:118623
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.118623
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/118623/files/1467-8489.00186.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Koen Deconinck & Johan Swinnen, 2014. "The Political Economy of Geographical Indications," LICOS Discussion Papers 35814, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
    2. Timothy R. Davis & Fredoun Z. Ahmadi-Esfahani & Susana Iranzo, 2008. "Demand under product differentiation: an empirical analysis of the US wine market ," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 52(4), pages 401-417, December.
    3. John M. Crespi & Stéphan Marette, 2003. "Are uniform assessments for generic advertising optimal if products are differentiated?," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(3), pages 367-377.
    4. Hübner, Julian, 2018. "Experimentelles Design zur Untersuchung der Auswirkungen von fiskalpolitischen Instrumenten auf nachhaltige Kaufentscheidungen im Leuchtmittelmarkt," The Constitutional Economics Network Working Papers 04-2018, University of Freiburg, Department of Economic Policy and Constitutional Economic Theory.
    5. Goodhue, Rachael E. & LaFrance, Jeffrey T. & Simon, Leo K., 2004. "We Should Drink No Wine Before Its Time," Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, Working Paper Series qt3fp78216, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley.
    6. Linde Götz & Ivan Djuric & Oleg Nivievskyi, 2016. "Regional Price Effects of Extreme Weather Events and Wheat Export Controls in Russia and Ukraine," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(3), pages 741-763, September.
    7. Davis, Timothy R. & Ahmadi-Esfahani, Fredoun Z. & Iranzo, Susana, 2008. "Demand under product differentiation: an empirical analysis of the US wine market," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 54(4), pages 1-17, December.
    8. R. Morris Coats & Gary M. Pecquet & Leon Taylor, 2005. "The pricing of gasoline grades and the third law of demand," Microeconomics 0506006, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Maria Priscila Ramos & Sophie Drogué & Stephan Marette, 2006. "Welfare Measurement Biases and Product Differentiation in Agriculture: An Example from the US Beef Sector," Working Papers 2006/02, INRA, Economie Publique.
    10. Blum, Bianca, 2018. "Ausgestaltung einer Steuerpolitik zur Förderung von LED-Beleuchtung," The Constitutional Economics Network Working Papers 01-2018, University of Freiburg, Department of Economic Policy and Constitutional Economic Theory.
    11. Preety Srivastava & Keith R. McLaren & Michael Wohlgenant & Xueyan Zhao, 2014. "Econometric Modelling of Price Response by Alcohol Types to Inform Alcohol Tax Policies," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 5/14, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.

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    Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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