Origins of the Unemployment Rate: The Lasting Legacy of Measurement without Theory
The modern definition of unemployment emerged in the late 1930s from research conducted at the Works Progress Administration and the Census Bureau. According to this definition, people who are not working but actively searching for work are counted as unemployed. This concept was first used in the Enumerative Check Census, a follow-up sample for the 1937 Census of Unemployment, and continued with the Monthly Report on the Labor Force survey, begun in December 1939 by the Works Progress Administration. A similar definition is now used to measure unemployment around the world.
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Volume (Year): 101 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (May)
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- Goldin, Claudia, 1992.
"Understanding the Gender Gap: An Economic History of American Women,"
Oxford University Press, number 9780195072709.
- Claudia Goldin, 1990. "Understanding the Gender Gap: An Economic History of American Women," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number gold90-1, April.
- Clarence D. Long, 1942. "The Concept of Unemployment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(1), pages 1-30.
- Moen, Jon, 1987. "The Labor of Older Men: A Comment," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 47(03), pages 761-767, September.
- James, John A. & Thomas, Mark, 2003. "A Golden Age? Unemployment and the American Labor Market, 1880 1910," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 63(04), pages 959-994, December.
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