# INFORMS

# Management Science

**Contact information of INFORMS:**

Postal: 7240 Parkway Drive, Suite 300, Hanover, MD 21076 USA

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Web page: http://www.informs.org/

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### 1977, Volume 24, Issue 3

**360-361 Communication--Value conflicts between professional and social responsibility***by*H. Bentley Glass**362-363 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1977, Volume 24, Issue 2

**121-136 A Composite Heterogeneous Model of Brand Choice and Purchase Timing Behavior***by*Fred S. Zufryden**137-148 Managerial Differences in Assessing Probabilities of Technical Success for R&D Projects***by*Albert H. Rubenstein & Hans-Horst Schröder**149-160 Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis Adjusted for Learning***by*E. V. McIntyre**161-167 Workforce Scheduling with Cyclic Demands and Day-Off Constraints***by*Kenneth R. Baker & Michael J. Magazine**168-180 Queues with Instantaneous Feedback***by*Gilles R. D'Avignon & Ralph L. Disney**181-190 Analysis of Simulation-Generated Responses using Autoregressive Models***by*D. A. Hsu & J. S. Hunter**191-199 Successful Information System Development Projects***by*Bert Debrabander & Anders Edström**200-209 Dynamic Programming Models of the Nonserial Critical Path-Cost Problem***by*Augustine O. Esogbue & Barry R. Marks**210-216 Means and Variances of Stochastic Vector Products with Applications to Random Linear Models***by*Gerald G. Brown & Herbert C. Rutemiller**217-223 Maximum Throughput in Finite-Capacity Open Queueing Networks with Product-Form Solutions***by*Paul J. Schweitzer**224-229 Probabilistic Weights in the One-Dimensional Facility Location Problem***by*George O. Wesolowsky**230-234 Minimising the Maximum Penalty in the Two-Machine Flow Shop***by*W. Townsend**235-237 Note--A Note on "Comparison of Computer Algorithms and Visual Based Methods for Plant Layout" by M. Scriabin and R. C. Vergin***by*T. E. Block**238-238 "Linear Multiparametric Programming by Multicriteria Simplex Method": Errata***by*P. L. Yu & Milan Zeleny**239-240 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1977, Volume 24, Issue 1

**1-34 Exceptional Paper--Design and Implementation of Large Scale Primal Transshipment Algorithms***by*Gordon H. Bradley & Gerald G. Brown & Glenn W. Graves**35-43 Optimization of Petroleum and Natural Gas Production--A Survey***by*E. J. Durrer & G. E. Slater**44-58 The Application of Behavioral and Philosophical Technologies to Strategic Planning: A Case Study of a Large Federal Agency***by*Ian I. Mitroff & Vincent P. Barabba & Ralph H. Kilmann**59-70 A Dynamic Programming Algorithm for Check Sorting***by*Frederic H. Murphy & Edward A. Stohr**71-81 A Diffusion Approximation Solution for a Repairman Problem with Two Types of Failure***by*D. P. Gaver & J. P. Lehoczky**82-90 On Ordering Perishable Inventory when Both Demand and Lifetime are Random***by*Steven Nahmias**91-104 Heuristic 0-1 Linear Programming: An Experimental Comparison of Three Methods***by*Stelios H. Zanakis**105-107 Note--Effects of Substituting a Linear Goal for a Fractional Goal in the Goal Programming Problem***by*Edward L. Hannan**107-112 Note--Plant Layout: Computers Versus Humans***by*Denis R. Coleman**113-114 Communication--Modelling Library Collections***by*A. Sandison**115-117 Communication--Reply to Sandison***by*Bani K. Sinha & Richard C. Clelland**117-118 Communication--The Oskar Morgenstern Distinguished Fellowship at Mathematica***by*Tibor Fabian**118-118 Communication--Correction Note to the Paper, "On Jockeying in Queues"***by*Ernest Koenigsberg**119-120 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1977, Volume 23, Issue 12

**1261-1272 Managing the Incidence of Sickle Cell Anemia Through Genetic Counseling***by*Jack Meredith**1273-1283 Procedures for Estimating Optimal Solution Values for Large Combinatorial Problems***by*David G. Dannenbring**1284-1294 Determining Sample Size for Pretesting Comparative Effectiveness of Advertising Copies***by*Siddhartha R. Dalal & V. Srinivasan**1295-1306 Inventory Investment Analysis Using Biased Sampling Techniques***by*William L. Berry & Myles Marcus & J. Greg Williams**1307-1313 Generalized Programming by Linear Approximation of the Dual Gradient: Convex Programming Case***by*Michael H. Wagner & J. Franklin Sharp**1314-1320 A Model of a Multi-Product Two-Stage Inventory System with Limited Intermediate Bulk Storage Capacity***by*Hans G. Daellenbach**1321-1327 Production Runs for Multiple Products: The Two-Product Heuristic***by*Alan L. Saipe**1328-1335 An Order-Level-Scheduling-Period System with Lost Sales***by*Israel Pressman**1336-1348 The Effects of Communication and Information Availability in an Experimental Study of a Three-Person Game***by*J. Keith Murnighan & Alvin E. Roth**1349-1357 The Markovian Queue with Bounded Waiting time***by*Bezalel Gavish & Paul J. Schweitzer**1358-1359 Note--A Note on "Critical Ratio Scheduling: An Experimental Analysis"***by*Stephen C. Graves**1360-1361 Note--Author's Reply to Graves' Note on the Paper "Critical Ratio Scheduling: An Experimental Analysis"***by*William L. Berry**1361-1362 Note--A Comment on Keeney's Group Utility Axioms***by*John O. McClain**1363-1364 Note--Simulating a Lognormal Time Series with Prescribed Serial Correlation***by*Denis R. Coleman & Alan L. Saipe**1364-1365 Communication***by*Roy E. Marsten & Thomas L. Morin

### 1977, Volume 23, Issue 11

**1149-1160 The Substitution of Communication for Transportation--A Case Study***by*David A. Lopez & Paul Gray**1161-1168 A Model for Planning the Transition to Equilibrium of a University Budget***by*David S. P. Hopkins & William F. Massy**1169-1173 How Often Will the Firemen Get their Sleep?***by*John D. Finnerty**1174-1182 An Evaluation of Flow Shop Sequencing Heuristics***by*David G. Dannenbring**1183-1186 An Algorithm for Deriving the Capital Market Line***by*Gordon J. Alexander**1187-1198 Multilocation Plant Sizing and Timing***by*Ram C. Rao & David P. Rutenberg**1199-1207 Optimizing Claims Fluctuation Reserves***by*Christoph Haehling von Lanzenauer & Don D. Wright**1208-1223 Geometric Approaches to Solving the Traveling Salesman Problem***by*John P. Norback & Robert F. Love**1224-1233 Incorporating Thresholds of Indifference in Probabilistic Choice Models***by*K. S. Krishnan**1234-1241 An Investment Strategy with Overshoot Rebates which Minimizes the Time to Attain a Specified Goal***by*Donald C. Aucamp**1242-1246 Note--Capital Budgeting of Interdependent Projects: Activity Analysis Approach***by*Juval Goldwerger & Jacob Paroush**1247-1247 Note--A Comment on Rao's Class \scr{M} and S\bar Matrices***by*Gary J. Koehler**1248-1251 Note--A Note on the Dynamic Inventory Problem with Unknown Demand Distribution***by*S. Papachristos**1251-1255 Note--A Computational Refinement for Discrete-Valued Dynamic Programs with Convex Functions***by*Don R. Robinson**1256-1257 Communication--A Comprehensive Model for Long Range Academic Strategies***by*Paul Gray**1257-1257 Communication--Response to a "Comprehensive Model for Long Range Academic Strategies"***by*Anthony S. Walters & Janet Mangold Burnstein**1258-1259 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1977, Volume 23, Issue 10

**1037-1049 An Empirical Analysis of the Optimal Advertising Policy***by*Dan Horsky**1050-1059 Implications of Resource Directive Allocation Models for Organizational Design***by*James R. Freeland & Jeffrey H. Moore**1060-1069 Determination of the Product Mix and the Business Policy of an Insurance Company--A Portfolio Approach***by*Yehuda Kahane**1070-1079 Lot Sizing and Sequencing for N Products on One Facility***by*Christian M. Delporte & L. Joseph Thomas**1080-1088 Simultaneous Investment and Allocation Decisions Applied to Water Planning***by*Ronald D. Armstrong & Cleve E. Willis**1089-1098 A Stochastic Model of Demand Forecasting for Technical Manpower Planning***by*N. K. Kwak & Walter A. Garrett, Jr. & Sam Barone**1099-1108 The Design of Problem-Solving Systems***by*Werner Ulrich**1109-1116 Decision Models for Individual Scientists Involved in Basic Research***by*Jerold L. Zimmerman**1117-1123 A Strategy Which Maximizes the Geometric Mean Return on Portfolio Investments***by*James H. Vander Weide & David W. Peterson & Steven F. Maier**1124-1132 Policies for Reducing Blood Wastage in Hospital Blood Banks***by*M. Barry Dumas & Manus Rabinowitz**1133-1142 The m-Center Problem: Minimax Facility Location***by*R. S. Garfinkel & A. W. Neebe & M. R. Rao**1143-1144 Note--A Note on Multivariate Risk and Separable Utility Functions***by*Richard Engelbrecht**1144-1146 Note--A Note on Single Machine Sequencing with Random Processing Times***by*Thom J. Hodgson**1147-1148 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1977, Volume 23, Issue 9

**913-934 Research in Management Information Systems: The Minnesota Experiments***by*Gary W. Dickson & James A. Senn & Norman L. Chervany**935-945 Storage-Retrieval Interleaving in Automatic Warehousing Systems***by*Stephen C. Graves & Warren H. Hausman & Leroy B. Schwarz**946-956 Planning Electric Power Generation: A Nonlinear Mixed Integer Model Employing Benders Decomposition***by*F. Noonan & R. J. Giglio**957-962 The Effect of Uncertainty in Input Quantities on the Optimal Expected Input Combination***by*Yakov Amihud**963-971 Work Stretch Properties for the Scheduling of Continuous Operations Under Alternative Labor Policies***by*James M. Lowerre**972-977 On a Fleet Sizing and Allocation Problem***by*S. C. Parikh**978-985 Electric Power System Planning with Explicit Stochastic Reserves Constraint***by*Charles R. Scherer & Leland Joe**986-993 On Doubling in Tournament Backgammon***by*Norman Zadeh**994-1004 An Effective Subgradient Procedure for Minimal Cost Multicommodity Flow Problems***by*Jeff Kennington & Mohamed Shalaby**1005-1009 Note--On a Simultaneous Decision Model for Marketing, Production and Finance***by*Ulf Peter Welam**1010-1011 On a Simultaneous Decision Model for Marketing, Production and Finance: A Rejoinder***by*William W. Damon & Richard Schramm**1011-1015 Note--A Comparison of Capacity Planning Techniques in a Job Shop Control System***by*Nabil Adam & Julius Surkis**1016-1019 Note--Sequencing n Jobs on m Machines to Minimise Maximum Tardiness: A Branch-and-Bound Solution***by*W. Townsend**1019-1022 Note--On the Validity of Marginal Analysis for Allocating Servers in M/M/c Queues***by*M. E. Dyer & L. G. Proll**1022-1026 Note--Nested Decomposition of a Dynamic Energy Model***by*James K. Ho**1034-1035 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1977, Volume 23, Issue 8

**789-810 Exceptional Paper--Location of Bank Accounts to Optimize Float: An Analytic Study of Exact and Approximate Algorithms***by*Gerard Cornuejols & Marshall L. Fisher & George L. Nemhauser**811-819 Tolls: Efficiency and Equity Issues for Inland Waterways***by*Leland S. Case & Lester B. Lave**820-829 Cognitive and Personality Tests for the Design of Management Information Systems***by*M. L. Bariff & E. J. Lusk**830-837 Time-Cost Tradeoffs: Elasticity Estimates and Determinants for International Technology Transfer Projects***by*David Teece**838-842 Estimating the Relationship between Price and Time to Sale for Investment Property***by*Robert R. Trippi**843-852 A Markov Quality Control Process Subject to Partial Observation***by*Chelsea C. White**853-858 On Optimal Doubling in Backgammon***by*Norman Zadeh & Gary Kobliska**859-871 The Generalized Slack Variable Linear Program***by*T. H. Mattheiss & William B. Widhelm**872-881 A Methodology for Assigning Minimum Cost Due-Dates***by*James K. Weeks & John S. Fryer**882-889 Scheduling a Project to Maximize Its Present Value: A Zero-One Programming Approach***by*Robert H. Doersch & James H. Patterson**890-900 Discounting, Ergodicity and Convergence for Markov Decision Processes***by*Thomas E. Morton & William E. Wecker**901-904 Note--A Simplified Expression for the Efficient Frontier in Mean-Variance Portfolio Analysis***by*Stephen A. Buser**904-908 Note--On the Use of Fictitious Bounds in Tree Search Algorithms***by*Mokhtar S. Bazaraa & Alwalid N. Elshafei**909-909 Communication--APL as a User-Oriented Programming Language***by*Prakash A. Shah**910-911 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1977, Volume 23, Issue 7

**667-678 Allocating Selling Effort Via Dynamic Programming***by*Charles A. Beswick**679-693 Combining Expert Judgments: A Bayesian Approach***by*Peter A. Morris**694-702 Capacity Expansion with Imports and Inventories***by*Donald Erlenkotter**703-715 Multi-Criteria School Busing Models***by*Sang M. Lee & Laurence J. Moore**716-727 The Value of Information Given Decision Flexibility***by*M. W. Merkhofer**728-736 Horizon Effects in Aggregate Production Planning with Seasonal Demand***by*John O. McClain & Joseph Thomas**737-744 Finding Equivalent Network Formulations for Constrained Network Problems***by*Darwin Klingman**745-755 A Time Series Approach to Queueing Systems with Applications for Modeling Job-Shop In-Process Inventories***by*Harold J. Steudel & S. M. Wu**756-767 A Discrete Time, Single Server Queue from a Finite Population***by*Do Le Minh**768-774 Kalman Filtering Applied to Statistical Forecasting***by*G. W. Morrison & D. H. Pike**775-778 The T-Policy for the M/G/1 Queue***by*Daniel P. Heyman**779-785 Mathematical Programming of Admissible Portfolios***by*Vijay S. Bawa**786-787 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1977, Volume 23, Issue 6

**545-566 On the Design of Alternative Obstetric Anesthesia Team Configurations***by*A. Reisman & W. Cull & H. Emmons & B. Dean & C. Lin & J. Rasmussen & P. Darukhanavala & T. George**567-575 Minimising Waiting Time Variance in the Single Machine Problem***by*Samuel Eilon & I. G. Chowdhury**576-584 Quadratic Approximations of the Portfolio Selection Problem When the Means and Variances of Returns are Infinite***by*James A. Ohlson**585-594 An Efficient Branch and Bound Algorithm for the Capacitated Warehouse Location Problem***by*Umit Akinc & Basheer M. Khumawala**595-605 Effectiveness of Nominal and Interacting Group Decision Processes for Integrating R&D and Marketing***by*William E. Souder**606-611 The Just Noticeable Difference in Complexity of Jobs***by*Shlomo Globerson**612-620 Dynamic Programming for a Stochastic Markovian Process with an Application to the Mean Variance Models***by*Juval Goldwerger**621-630 Cooperative Games in Stochastic Characteristic Function Form***by*Daniel Granot**631-643 A Flow Augmentation Approach to the Network with Gains Minimum Cost Flow Problem***by*P. A. Jensen & Gora Bhaumik**644-651 Optimal Engineering Design Under Uncertainty by Geometric Programming***by*Rolf D. Wiebking**652-659 A Row Generation Scheme for Finding a Multi-Commodity Minimum Disconnecting Set***by*Yash P. Aneja & R. R. Vemuganti**660-661 Note--A Note on Shwimer's Theorem A***by*Werner Dinkelbach & Otto Rosenberg**662-662 Errata***by*anonymous**663-665 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1977, Volume 23, Issue 5

**453-466 Exceptional Paper--Parametric and Postoptimality Analysis in Integer Linear Programming***by*A. M. Geoffrion & R. Nauss**467-477 A Parsimonious Description of the Hendry System***by*Manohar U. Kalwani & Donald G. Morrison**478-489 Stochastic Dominance Tests for Decreasing Absolute Risk-Aversion II: General Random Variables***by*R. G. Vickson**490-498 Further Results on Planning Horizons in the Production Smoothing Problem***by*Dwight R. Lee & Daniel Orr**499-511 An Experimental Comparison of the Effectiveness of Three Planning Methods***by*Paul C. Nutt**512-521 A Markovian Model for a Perishable Product Inventory***by*Dan Chazan & Shmuel Gal**522-528 Optimal Inventories for an (S - 1, S) System with No Backorders***by*Stephen A. Smith**529-540 Single Cycle Continuous Review Policies for Arborescent Production/Inventory Systems***by*Stephen C. Graves & Leroy B. Schwarz**541-541 "Multi-Echelon Production Scheduling When Demand is Stochastic": Erratum***by*Jack F. Williams**542-543 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1976, Volume 23, Issue 4

**349-360 Decomposition of a Multi-Period Media Scheduling Model in Terms of Single Period Equivalents***by*V. Srinivasan**361-370 Equity and Selective Pollution Abatement Procedures***by*R. Carbone & J. R. Sweigart**371-379 Evaluating Security Performance Forecasts***by*Edwin H. Neave & John C. Wiginton**380-390 Management of Program Storage in Computers***by*Jair M. Babad & V. Balachandran & Edward A. Stohr**391-398 Information Overload in Mechanical Processes***by*William V. Gehrlein & Peter C. Fishburn**399-403 Optimal System Allocations with Penalty Costs***by*C. Derman & G. J. Lieberman & S. M. Ross**404-411 Economic Design of np Charts for Processes Subject to a Multiplicity of Assignable Causes***by*W. K. Chiu**412-422 Heuristic Scheduling of Activities under Resource and Precedence Restrictions***by*Arne Thesen**423-432 A Dual Concept and Associated Algorithm in Mean-Variance Portfolio Analysis***by*Roger J. Bowden**433-443 Capital Budgeting in the Decentralized Firm***by*Steven F. Maier & James H. Vander Weide**444-450 Due-Dates and Instantaneous Load in the One-Machine Shop***by*E. L. Heard**451-452 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1976, Volume 23, Issue 3

**227-234 Snow and Ice Removal in an Urban Environment***by*Thomas M. Cook & Bradley S. Alprin**235-247 A "Working" System Model of Car Buyer Behavior***by*John U. Farley & John A. Howard & Donald R. Lehmann**248-256 A Dynamic Equilibrium Model for University Budget Planning***by*William F. Massy**257-266 Optimal Wage Rates and Force Composition in Military Manpower Planning***by*D. L. Jaquette & G. R. Nelson**267-274 Optimal Location of Plants***by*Alain Alcouffe & Gilles Muratet**275-279 Proximal Decision Analysis with Imperfect Information***by*Carson E. Agnew**280-285 A Comparison of the Bad as Old and Superimposed Renewal Models***by*Saul Blumenthal & A. Greenwood & L. H. Herbach**286-296 Solution of a Multi-Product Manufacturing and Distribution Problem***by*Michael Folie & John Tiffin**297-304 A Homogeneous Distribution Problem with Applications to Finance***by*C. C. Huang & D. A. Wehrung & W. T. Ziemba**305-316 Multiple Objective Linear Programming with Interval Criterion Weights***by*Ralph E. Steuer**317-323 An Application of Z-Matrices to a Class of Resource Allocation Problems***by*Arie Tamir**324-331 A Programming Problem with a Linear Objective Function Having the Quadratic Contraints of the Form ½x'x + p'x \le r***by*Shang-Wang Chang**332-333 Note--Note on "Manufacturing Cycle Time Determination for a Multi-Stage Economic Production Quantity Model"***by*S. K. Goyal**334-338 Note--On the Optimality of Sub-Batch Sizes for a Multi-Stage EPQ Model--A Rejoinder***by*Andrew Z. Szendrovits**339-340 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1976, Volume 23, Issue 2

**109-116 Disutility as a Probability: A Reconsideration of the Symmetry Approach to the Committee Decision Problem***by*Henri Theil**117-124 Optimization of Multitype Branching Processes***by*Stanley R. Pliska**125-130 Majority Decisions and Transitivity: Some Special Cases***by*Deepak K. Merchant & M. R. Rao**131-139 Global Solutions for a Nonconvex Nonconcave Rail Network Model***by*Larry J. LeBlanc**140-145 A Group Preference Axiomatization with Cardinal Utility***by*Ralph L. Keeney**146-158 A Parametric Model for the Allocation of Fire Companies in New York City***by*Kenneth Lloyd Rider**159-170 Linear Multiparametric Programming by Multicriteria Simplex Method***by*P. L. Yuf & M. Zeleny**171-182 Aggregate Planning with Learning Curve Productivity***by*Ronald J. Ebert**183-197 Analysis of Implied Risk-Taking Behavior Under a Goal-Based Incentive Scheme***by*Hiroyuki Itami**198-203 On Optimal Bidding Strategies***by*Pertti Näykki**204-215 The Theory of Two-Currency Gambles***by*William R. Folks, Jr.**216-217 Note--Sequencing with Finite Intermediate Storage***by*S. S. Reddi**218-220 North-Holland-TIMS Studies in the Management Sciences***by*anonymous**221-222 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1976, Volume 23, Issue 1

**1-11 Optimal Investment Scheduling with Price-Sensitive Dynamic Demand***by*Donald Erlenkotter & Robert R. Trippi**12-26 The Attribute-Dynamic Attitude Model (Adam)***by*Milan Zeleny**27-31 An Efficient Algorithm for the 0-1 Knapsack Problem***by*Robert M. Nauss**32-37 A Duality Theorem for a Nondifferentiable Fractional Programming Problem***by*Suresh Chandra & T. R. Gulati**38-42 A Simple Perturbed Demand Inventory Model with Ordering Cost***by*Thomas W. Hill, Jr.**43-49 A Utility Criterion for Markov Decision Processes***by*Stratton C. Jaquette**50-58 Acceleration of Lagrangian Column-Generation Algorithms by Penalty Function Methods***by*Richard P. O'Neill & William B. Widhelm**59-70 A Budget Allocation Model for Large Hierarchical R&D Organizations***by*N. R. Baker & W. E. Souder & C. R. Shumway & P. M. Maher & A. H. Rubenstein**71-77 An Easy Primal Method for Geometric Programming***by*J. G. Ecker & M. J. Zoracki**78-86 An Improved Heuristic Procedure for a Nonlinear Cutting Stock Problem***by*I. Coverdale & F. Wharton**87-92 Note--A Test for Nonoptimal Actions in Undiscounted Finite Markov Decision Chains***by*N. A. J. Hastings**92-94 Note--An Analogue Derivation of the Dual of the General Fermat Problem***by*D. J. White**95-98 Note--On Marketing Strategy and the Optimal Production Schedule***by*Ulf Peter Welam**99-100 Note--On Marketing Strategy and the Optimal Production Schedule--A Rejoinder***by*Robert Alan Leitch

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