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Learning about Learning in Games through Experimental Control of Strategic Interdependence

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  • Jason Shachat

    (National University of Singapore)

  • J. Todd Swarthout

    (University of Arizona)

Abstract

We conduct experiments in which humans repeatedly play one of two games against a computer decision maker that follows either Roth and Erev's reinforcement learning algorithm or Camerer and Ho's EWA algorithm. The human/algorithm interaction provides results that can't be obtained from the analysis of pure human interactions or model simulations. The learning algorithms are more sensitive than humans in calculating exploitable opponent play. Learning algorithms respond to these calculated opportunities systematically; however, the magnitude of these responses are too weak to improve the algorithm's payoffs. Human play against various decision maker types does not significantly vary. These results demonstrate that humans and currently proposed models of their behavior differ in that humans do not adjust payoff assessments by smooth transition functions and that when humans detect exploitable play they are more likely to choose the best response to this belief.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Experimental with number 0310003.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: 13 Oct 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpex:0310003

Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 39
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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

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Cited by:
  1. repec:fee:wpaper:1101 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Peter Duersch & Albert Kolb & Jörg Oechssler & Burkhard Schipper, 2010. "Rage against the machines: how subjects play against learning algorithms," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 43(3), pages 407-430, June.
  3. Dürsch, Peter & Kolb, Albert & Oechssler, Jörg & Schipper, Burkhard, 2005. "Rage Against the Machines - How Subjects Learn to Play Against Computers," Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications 05-36, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim & Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
  4. repec:wyi:wpaper:002021 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Spiliopoulos, Leonidas, 2008. "Humans versus computer algorithms in repeated mixed strategy games," MPRA Paper 6672, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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