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Gender Gaps in Spain: Policies and Outcomes over the Last Three Decades

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Author Info

  • Guner, Nezih

    ()
    (MOVE, Barcelona)

  • Kaya, Ezgi

    ()
    (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

  • Sánchez-Marcos, Virginia

    ()
    (Universidad de Cantabria)

Abstract

We document recent trends in gender equality in employment and wages in Spain. Despite an impressive decline in gender gap in employment, females are still less likely to work, and if they work they are more likely to be employed part time and with temporary contracts. The gender gap (after controlling for worker and job characteristics) is about 20% and did not change between 1995 and 2006. Furthermore, the gender gap in wages is driven mainly by differences in returns to individual characteristic. While women are more qualified than men in observable labor market characteristics, they end up earning less. Public policy seems to affect female employment. In particular, there was a significant acceleration of female employment in 2000s. This was a period in which many policies that were implemented after early 1990s started to have their longer term effects. It was also a period during which Spain received a large number of immigrants, which had a positive impact on female labor force participation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6812.

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Length: 60 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in SERIEs (the Journal of Spanish Economic Association), 2014, 5,(1), 61-103.
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6812

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Related research

Keywords: occupational segregation; gender wage gap; gender employment gap; quantile regressions; public policy;

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  1. Javier Gardeazabal & Arantza Ugidos, 2005. "Gender wage discrimination at quantiles," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 165-179, 07.
  2. Betsey Stevenson, 2008. "Divorce Law and Women's Labor Supply," NBER Working Papers 14346, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Waldfogel, Jane, 1998. "The Family Gap for Young Women in the United States and Britain: Can Maternity Leave Make a Difference?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(3), pages 505-45, July.
  4. Manuel F. Bagues & Berta Esteve-Volart, 2010. "Can Gender Parity Break the Glass Ceiling? Evidence from a Repeated Randomized Experiment," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 77(4), pages 1301-1328.
  5. repec:bla:restud:v:77:y:2010:i:4:p:1301-1328 is not listed on IDEAS
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