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Female labor supply and divorce: New evidence from Ireland

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  • Bargain, Olivier
  • González, Libertad
  • Keane, Claire
  • Özcan, Berkay

Abstract

If participation in the labor market helps to secure women's outside options in the case of divorce/separation, an increase in the perceived risk of marital dissolution may accelerate the increase in female labor supply. This simple prediction has been tested in the literature using time and/or spatial variation in the US divorce legislation. In this paper, we suggest testing this hypothesis by exploiting a more radical policy change, i.e., the actual legalization of divorce. In Ireland, the right to divorce was introduced in 1996, followed by an acceleration of marriage breakdown rates. We use this fundamental change in Irish society as a natural experiment. Using families for whom the risk of marital dissolution is small as a control group, our difference-in-difference estimates suggest that the legalization of divorce contributed to a significant increase in female labor supply, occurring essentially at the extensive margin. Results are not driven by selection and are robust to numerous specification checks, including the introduction of household fixed effects and propensity score reweighting.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal European Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 56 (2012)
Issue (Month): 8 ()
Pages: 1675-1691

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Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:56:y:2012:i:8:p:1675-1691

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/eer

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Keywords: Divorce law; Natural experiment; Labor supply; Fixed effects; Propensity score;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Alessandro Cigno, 2011. "The Economics of Marriage," Working Paper Series 11_11, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  2. Clement Joubert & Sekyu Choi, 2012. "The value of remarriage," 2012 Meeting Papers 1111, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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