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Immigration, Family Responsibilities and the Labor Supply of Skilled Native Women

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  • Farré Lidia

    ()
    (Institut d’Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC))

  • González Libertad

    ()
    (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)

  • Ortega Francesc

    ()
    (Queen’s College - CUNY)

Abstract

We investigate the effect of immigration on the labor supply of skilled women, using data on Spain’s large recent immigration wave. We adopt a spatial correlations approach and instrument for current immigration using ethnic networks. We find that female immigration increases the local availability of household services and reduces their price. It also increases the labor supply of skilled native women, by allowing them to return to work earlier after childbirth, and to continue working while caring for elderly dependents. Immigration can account for one third of the recent increase in the employment rate of college-educated women providing child or elderly care.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy.

Volume (Year): 11 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (June)
Pages: 1-48

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Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejeap:v:11:y:2011:i:1:n:34

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  1. Abdurrahman Aydemir & George J. Borjas, 2011. "Attenuation Bias in Measuring the Wage Impact of Immigration," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 29(1), pages 69-113, 01.
  2. George J. Borjas & Richard B. Freeman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1996. "Searching for the Effect of Immigration on the Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 5454, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Iturbe-Ormaetxe, Iñigo & Ponti, Giovanni & Tomás, Josefa & Ubeda, Luis, 2011. "Framing effects in public goods: Prospect Theory and experimental evidence," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 439-447, June.
  4. George J. Borjas, 2003. "The Labor Demand Curve Is Downward Sloping: Reexamining The Impact Of Immigration On The Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 118(4), pages 1335-1374, November.
  5. Patricia Cort�s & Jos� Tessada, 2011. "Low-Skilled Immigration and the Labor Supply of Highly Skilled Women," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 3(3), pages 88-123, July.
  6. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Sara de la Rica, 2008. "Complements or Substitutes? Immigrant and Native Task Specialization in Spain," Working Papers 2008-35, FEDEA.
  7. Laura Crespo, 2006. "Caring For Parents And Employment Status Of European Mid-Life Women," Working Papers, CEMFI wp2006_0615, CEMFI.
  8. Furtado, Delia & Hock, Heinrich, 2008. "Immigrant Labor, Child-Care Services, and the Work-Fertility Trade-Off in the United States," IZA Discussion Papers 3506, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. John Laitner & Daniel Silverman, 2006. "Consumption, Retirement, and Social Security: Evaluating the Efficiency of Reform with a Life-Cycle Model," Working Papers, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center wp142, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
  10. Jiménez-Martín, Sergi & Labeaga, José M. & Martínez Granado, Maite, 1999. "Health status and retirement decisions for older European couples," IRISS Working Paper Series, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD 1999-01, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
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