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Immigrant Labor, Child-Care Services, and the Work-Fertility Trade-Off in the United States

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  • Furtado, Delia

    ()
    (University of Connecticut)

  • Hock, Heinrich

    ()
    (Mathematica Policy Research)

Abstract

The negative correlation between female employment and fertility in industrialized nations has weakened since the 1960s, particularly in the United States. We suggest that the continuing influx of low-skilled immigrants has led to a substantial reduction in the trade-off between work and childrearing facing American women. The evidence we present indicates that low-skilled immigration has driven down wages in the US child-care sector. More affordable child-care has, in turn, increased the fertility of college graduate native females. Although childbearing is generally associated with temporary exit from the labor force, immigrant-led declines in the price of child-care has reduced the extent of role incompatibility between fertility and work.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3506.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: May 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3506

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Keywords: immigration; labor supply; fertility;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Lídia Farré & Libertad González Luna & Francesc Ortega, 2009. "Immigration, family responsibilities and the labor supply of skilled native women," Economics Working Papers, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra 1161, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  2. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Sara de la Rica, 2008. "Complements or Substitutes? Immigrant and Native Task Specialization in Spain," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0816, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  3. Eva Mörk & Anna Sjögren & Helena Svaleryd, 2009. "Cheaper Child Care, More Children," Working Papers 2009/2, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  4. Liat Raz-Yurovich, 2012. "Normative and allocation role strain: role incompatibility, outsourcing, and the transition to a second birth in Eastern and Western Germany," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2012-024, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  5. Mörk, Eva & Sjögren, Anna & Svaleryd, Helena, 2009. "Childcare Costs and the Demand for Children – Evidence from a Nationwide Reform," Working Paper Series, Research Institute of Industrial Economics 782, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, revised 20 Sep 2010.
  6. Barone, Guglielmo & Mocetti, Sauro, 2011. "With a little help from abroad: The effect of low-skilled immigration on the female labour supply," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 664-675, October.
  7. Liat Raz-Yurovich, 2012. "Application of the transaction cost approach to households – the demographics of households’ ‘make or buy’ decisions," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2012-025, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.

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