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Social Networks and Peer Effects at Works

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  • Julie Beugnot

    ()
    (Department of economics, Université Laval, CIRPÉE)

  • Bernard Fortin

    ()
    (Department of economics, Université Laval, CIRPÉE and CIRANO)

  • Guy Lacroix

    ()
    (Department of economics, Université Laval, CIRPÉE and CIRANO)

  • Marie Claire Villeval

    (Université de Lyon, Lyon, F-69007, France ; CNRS, GATE Lyon St Etienne,F-69130 Ecully, France)

Abstract

This paper extends the standard work effort model by allowing workers to interact through networks. We investigate experimentally whether peer performances and peer contextual effects influence individual performances. Two types of network are considered. Participants in Recursive networks are paired with participants who played previously in isolation. In Simultaneous networks, participants interact in real-time along an undirected line. Mean peer effects are identified in both cases. Individual performances increase with peer performances in the recursive network. In the simultaneous network, endogenous peer effects vary according to gender : they are large for men but not statistically different from zero for women.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Université Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure in its series Working Papers with number 1323.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:gat:wpaper:1323

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Keywords: Peer effects; social networks; work effort; piece rate; experiment;

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Cited by:
  1. Sotiris Georganas & Mirco Tonin & Michael Vlassopoulos, 2014. "Peer Pressure and Productivity: The Role of Observing and Being Observed," CESifo Working Paper Series 4572, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Roel van Veldhuizen & Hessel Oosterbeek & Joep Sonnemans, 2014. "Peers at Work: From the Field to the Lab," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-051/I, Tinbergen Institute.
  3. Cicognani, Simona & Mittone, Luigi, 2014. "Social norms or low-cost heuristics? An experimental investigation of imitative behavior," Economics Discussion Papers 2014-2, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.

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