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Should I Stay or Should I Go?: Gender Differences in Professional Employment

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  • Kathrin Leuze
  • Allessandra Rusconi
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    Abstract

    Occupational sex segregation is a persistent source of social inequalities. The increasing participation of women in tertiary education and rising female employment rates, however, have given hope that gender inequalities will decline as a result of growing female opportunities for high skill employment in the service sector, e.g. the professions. This paper asks whether such optimistic accounts are justified by comparing male and female professional career trajectories in Germany. Our main assumptions hold that, even today, strong gender differences continue to exist between public and private sector professions, which are further aggravated by different forms of family commitment. Overall, our analyses demonstrate that even among highly qualified men and women, important patterns of sex segregation are present. Aninitial horizontal segregation between public and private sectors brings about "equal, but different" career prospects, which in the phase of family formation turn into vertical segregation, promoting "different and therefore unequal" labor market chances.

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    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.98938.de/diw_sp0187.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) in its series SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research with number 187.

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    Length: 26 p.
    Date of creation: 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp187

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    Keywords: professions; sex segregation; labor market outcomes; family formation; tertiary education; German;

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    1. Jeremy I. Bulow & Lawrence H. Summers, 1985. "A Theory of Dual Labor Markets with Application to Industrial Policy, Discrimination and Keynesian Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 1666, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Emer Smyth, 2002. "Gender Differentiation and Early Labour Market Integration across Europe," MZES Working Papers 46, MZES.
    3. Barbara Petrongolo, 2004. "Gender Segregation in Employment Contracts," CEP Discussion Papers dp0637, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    4. Fagan, Colette & O'Reilly, Jacqueline & Halpin, Brendan, 2005. "Job opportunities for whom? Labour market dynamics and service sector employment growth in Germany and Britain," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2005-110, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    5. Christal Lane & Margaret Potton & Wolfgang Littek, 2000. "The Professions Between State and Market: A Cross-National Study of Convergence and Divergence," ESRC Centre for Business Research - Working Papers wp189, ESRC Centre for Business Research.
    6. Jones, David R & Makepeace, Gerald H, 1996. "Equal Worth, Equal Opportunities: Pay and Promotion in an Internal Labour Market," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(435), pages 401-09, March.
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