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Gender Differentiation and Early Labour Market Integration across Europe


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  • Emer Smyth


This paper examines gender differentiation in early labour market outcomes across European countries. In spite of the fact that the educational attainment of women has now surpassed that of men in many countries, differences persist in the type of educational courses taken by young women and men. Countries differ in the extent of educational segregation by gender but certain regularities are evident, with health/welfare, education and arts courses dominated by women and engineering courses dominated by men. Countries with higher levels of educational segregation by gender are found to have higher levels of occupational segregation by gender. However, marked gender differences are still apparent between women and men who have received the same kind of education, regardless of the country considered

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by MZES in its series MZES Working Papers with number 46.

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Date of creation: 08 Jul 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:erp:mzesxx:p0021

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Keywords: differentiation; East-Central Europe; employment policy; gender policy; participation; sociology; unemployment;


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  1. Borghans, Lex & Groot, Loek, 1999. "Educational presorting and occupational segregation," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 375-395, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Emer Smyth & Merike Darmody, 2007. ""Man Enough To Do It"? Girls and Non-Traditional Subjects in Lower Secondary Education," Papers WP198, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  2. Rusconi, Alessandra & Solga, Heike, 2008. "A systematic reflection upon dual career couples," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2008-505, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  3. Tacsir, Ezequiel, 2009. "Elección de ocupación: factores personales y aspectos sociales
    [Occupation Choice: Personal factors and Social Aspects]
    ," MPRA Paper 20432, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Saïd Hanchane & Isabelle Recotillet, 2004. "Interdependence between housing mode and job access : an empirical analysis based on french data," Working Papers halshs-00010140, HAL.
  5. Tacsir, Ezequiel, 2010. "Occupation Choice: Family, Social and Market Influences," MERIT Working Papers 013, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  6. Kathrin Leuze & Allessandra Rusconi, 2009. "Should I Stay or Should I Go?: Gender Differences in Professional Employment," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 187, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  7. Gerda R. Neyer & Jan M. Hoem & Gunnar Andersson, 2006. "Kinderlosigkeit, Bildungsrichtung und Bildungsniveau. Ergebnisse einer Untersuchung schwedischer Frauen der Geburtenjahrgänge 1955-59," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2006-044, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  8. Jan M. Hoem & Gerda Neyer & Gunnar Andersson, 2006. "Education and childlessness," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 14(15), pages 331-380, May.
  9. Leuze, Kathrin & Rusconi, Alessandra, 2009. "Should I stay or should I go? Gender differences in professional employment," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2009-501, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  10. Jan M. Hoem & Gerda R. Neyer & Gunnar Andersson, 2005. "Childlessness and educational attainment among Swedish women born in 1955-59," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2005-014, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.


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