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Segregated integration : recent trends in the Austrian gender division of labor

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  • Margareta Kreimer
  • Ricardo Mora

Abstract

Using micro data from the Austrian Labor Force Survey, this paper explores how decreases in the gender differential in participation rates together with increasing differentials in the incidence of part-time jobs and stable or rising levels of occupational segregation by gender affect the gender division of labor. To so so, we propose an index for the gender division of labor based on the Mutual Information index. Our main results show that the gender division of labor is very stable along the 16-year period. This is so because although the rising female labor force participation reduces the gender division of labor, increases in gender differences in the incidence of part-time jobs and increases in occupational segregation result in greater division of labor across genders. These results are robust to alternative definitions of economic activity and labor market involvement and can also be found after controlling for educational levels and fields.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía in its series Economics Working Papers with number we1317.

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Date of creation: Sep 2013
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Handle: RePEc:cte:werepe:we1317

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Keywords: Gender segregation; Female labor force participation; Part-time jobs;

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References

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  1. Weichselbaumer, Doris, 2003. "Sexual orientation discrimination in hiring," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 10(6), pages 629-642, December.
  2. Ricardo Mora & Javier Ruiz-Castillo, 2003. "Gender Segregation: From Birth To Occupation," Economics Working Papers we033612, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  3. Claudia Goldin & Lawrence F. Katz & Ilyana Kuziemko, 2006. "The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap," NBER Working Papers 12139, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Frankel, David M. & Volij, Oscar, 2011. "Measuring School Segregation," Staff General Research Papers, Iowa State University, Department of Economics 35115, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  5. Mark Aguiar & Erik Hurst, 2007. "Measuring Trends in Leisure: The Allocation of Time over Five Decades," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 122(3), pages 969-1006, 08.
  6. Damian Grimshaw & Jill Rubery, 1997. "The Concentration of Women's Employment and Relative Occupational Pay: A Statistical Framework for Comparative Analysis," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers, OECD Publishing 26, OECD Publishing.
  7. Dominique Anxo & Letizia Mencarini & Ariane Pailhe & Anne Solaz & Maria Letizia Tanturri & Lennart Flood, 2011. "Gender Differences in Time Use over the Life Course in France, Italy, Sweden, and the US," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(3), pages 159-195.
  8. René Böheim & Helmut Hofer & Christine Zulehner, 2007. "Wage differences between Austrian men and women: semper idem?," Empirica, Springer, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 213-229, July.
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