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More than ‘Mutual Information’: Educational and sectoral gender segregation and their interaction on the Flemish labor market

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  • Van Puyenbroeck, Tom
  • De Bruyne, Karolien
  • Sels, Luc
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    Abstract

    We build on the Information Theory foundations of the Mutual Information Index of Segregation [Mora and Ruiz-Castillo, 2003; Frankel and Volij, 2011] to analyze two horizontal dimensions of gender segregation on the labor market. We provide a novel, three-way additive decomposition of their effects on overall segregation. Using survey data from 41,712 Flemish employees, we find that choice of study field has a larger effect on overall segregation than sectoral choice. Their mutual interaction is negative, indicating that sectoral segregation, although low, is still partly explained by educational choices.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Labour Economics.

    Volume (Year): 19 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 1-8

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:19:y:2012:i:1:p:1-8

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/labeco

    Related research

    Keywords: Gender segregation; Segregation measurement; Entropy;

    References

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    1. Ricardo Mora & Javier Ruiz-Castillo, 2003. "Additively Decomposable Segregation Indexes. The Case of Gender Segregation by Occupations and Human Capital Levels in Spain," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 147-179, August.
    2. Frankel, David M. & Volij, Oscar, 2011. "Measuring School Segregation," Staff General Research Papers 35115, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    3. Victor R. Fuchs, 1975. "A Note on Sex Segregation in Professional Occupations," NBER Chapters, in: Explorations in Economic Research, Volume 2, number 1, pages 105-111 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. William McGill, 1954. "Multivariate information transmission," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 97-116, June.
    5. Borghans, Lex & Groot, Loek, 1999. "Educational presorting and occupational segregation," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 375-395, September.
    6. Valentova, Marie & Krizova, Iva & Katrnak, Tomas, 2007. "Occupational Gender Segregation in the light of the Segregation in Education: A Cross-National Comparison," IRISS Working Paper Series 2007-04, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    7. W. Garner & William McGill, 1956. "The relation between information and variance analyses," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 219-228, September.
    8. Karmel, T & Maclachlan, M, 1988. "Occupational Sex Segregation--Increasing or Decreasing?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 64(186), pages 187-95, September.
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