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A systematic reflection upon dual career couples

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  • Rusconi, Alessandra
  • Solga, Heike

Abstract

Particularly among the highly educated, a persistent upward trend in female employment rates has characterized western industrialized countries in the last decades. Yet, strong gender inequalities persist in the career chances of equally highly qualified men and women. Women are still underrepresented in executive/ leading positions in both the private and public sector of the economy. We argue that such gender inequalities are also due to the fact that the majority of highly educated women lives with an equally highly educated partner. For these women the realization of dual careers becomes ever more important and represents an essential prerequisite for their own professional development. Following Phyllis Moen's 'linked lives' idea, we will argue that the achievement or failure of dual-career arrangements is a 'social-relational process' (Moen 2003a: 10) and that partners' lives are embedded with and influenced by each other. In particular, we will discuss how this entwining occurs, which processes at different levels play a role, and how these different processes interact with each other. Finally, we will give some suggestions on the direction for future research. -- Vor allem bei Hochqualifizierten charakterisiert ein andauernder Aufwärtstrend weiblicher Beschäftigungsraten die westlichen Industrieländer in den letzten Jahrzehnten. Jedoch herrscht bei den Karrierechancen von gleich qualifizierten Männern und Frauen noch immer eine große Geschlechterungleichheit vor. Frauen sind in führenden/leitenden Positionen sowohl im privatwirtschaftlichen als auch im öffentlichen Beschäftigungssektor noch immer unterrepräsentiert. Wir argumentieren, dass solche Geschlechterungleichheiten auf den Umstand zurückzuführen sind, dass die Mehrzahl hoch gebildeter Frauen mit gleichermaßen hoch gebildeten Partnern zusammenlebt. Für diese Frauen gewinnt die Realisierung von Doppelkarrieren an Bedeutung und stellt eine entscheidende Voraussetzung für ihre eigene professionelle Entwicklung dar. In Anlehnung an Phyllis Moens "linked lives" Idee werden wir diskutieren, dass der Erfolg oder das Scheitern von Doppelkarrierenarrangements ein "social- relational process" (Moen 2003a: 10) ist und dass die Lebensverläufe der Partner miteinander verwoben und voneinander abhängig sind. Im Einzelnen werden wir diskutieren, wie diese Verflechtung sich gestaltet, welche Prozesse auf verschiedenen Ebenen eine Rolle spielen und wie diese Prozesse miteinander interagieren. Zum Schluss werden wir Vorschläge für die Richtung zukünftiger Forschungen formulieren.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets with number SP I 2008-505.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbslm:spi2008505

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References

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  1. Dora L. Costa & Matthew E. Kahn, 1999. "Power Couples: Changes in the Locational Choice of the College Educated, 1940-1990," NBER Working Papers 7109, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Elke Holst, 2005. "Frauen in Führungspositionen: massiver Nachholbedarf bei großen Unternehmen und Arbeitgeberverbänden," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 72(3), pages 49-56.
  3. Kimberlee Shauman & Yu Xie, 1996. "Geographic mobility of scientists: Sex differences and family constraints," Demography, Springer, vol. 33(4), pages 455-468, November.
  4. Christine Schwartz & Robert Mare, 2005. "Trends in educational assortative marriage from 1940 to 2003," Demography, Springer, vol. 42(4), pages 621-646, November.
  5. Emer Smyth, 2002. "Gender Differentiation and Early Labour Market Integration across Europe," MZES Working Papers 46, MZES.
  6. Barbara Petrongolo, 2004. "Gender Segregation in Employment Contracts," CEP Discussion Papers dp0637, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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Cited by:
  1. Solga, Heike, 2009. "Der Blick nach vorn: Herausforderungen an das deutsche Ausbildungssystem. Thesenpapier zum Symposium des WZB am 19.11.2009," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2009-507, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  2. Powell, Justin J. W. & Coutrot, Laurence & Graf, Lukas & Bernhard, Nadine & Kieffer, Annick & Solga, Heike, 2009. "Comparing the relationship between vocational and higher education in Germany and France," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2009-506, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  3. Wotschack, Philip & Solga, Heike, 2013. "Voraussetzungen einer guten betrieblichen Weiterbildungspraxis: Ergebnisse aus zehn Fallstudien in 'Best-Practice'-Betrieben," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2013-503, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  4. Wotschack, Philip, 2010. "Working-time options over the life course: New challenges to German companies in times of crisis," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2010-502, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  5. Blanck, Jonna M. & Edelstein, Benjamin & Powell, Justin J.W., 2013. "Von der schulischen Segregation zur inklusiven Bildung? Die Wirkung der UN-Konvention über die Rechte von Menschen mit Behinderungen auf Bildungsreformen in Bayern und Schleswig-Holstein," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2013-504, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  6. Solga, Heike & Brzinsky-Fay, Christian & Graf, Lukas & Gresch, Cornelia & Protsch, Paula, 2013. "Vergleiche innerhalb von Gruppen und institutionelle Gelingensbedingungen: Vielversprechende Perspektiven für die Ungleichheitsforschung," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2013-501, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  7. Pfahl, Lisa & Powell, Justin J. W., 2010. "The special education profession and the discourse of learning disability in Germany," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2010-504, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  8. Brzinsky-Fay, Christian, 2010. "The concept of transitional labour markets: A theoretical and methodological inventory," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2010-507, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  9. Moen, Phyllis, 2010. "From "work-family" to the "gendered life course" and "fit": Five challenges to the field," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2010-501, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  10. Wotschack, Philip & Scheier, Franziska & Schulte-Braucks, Philipp & Solga, Heike, 2011. "Mehr Zeit für Weiterbildung: Neue Wege der betrieblichen Arbeitszeitgestaltung," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2011-501, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  11. Ruß, Uwe, 2012. "Bildung, Meritokratie und Ungleichheit: Gibt es einen Zusammenhang zwischen Bildungsungleichheiten, Meritokratieglauben und der Verteilung der Einkommen in fortgeschrittenen Gesellschaften?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2012-501, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  12. Solga, Heike & Kretschmann, Claudia, 2010. "Follow-up-Studie zur Evaluation des Projekts "Abschlussquote erhöhen - Berufsfähigkeit steigern"," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2010-503, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  13. Schulte-Braucks, Philipp, 2013. "Von Schweden lernen: Weiterbildung gering Qualifizierter im Rahmen der kommunalen Erwachsenenbildung (Komvux)," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2013-502, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).

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