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From "work-family" to the "gendered life course" and "fit": Five challenges to the field

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  • Moen, Phyllis
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    Abstract

    This paper introduces the concepts of the gendered life course and life-course fit in order to provide a broader, dynamic, and contextual perspective on the match or mismatch characterizing the social environments confronting workers, their families, and their communities. It summarizes five challenges confronting scholars of community, work, family, and policy: (1) updating outdated concepts and categories; (2) incorporating the gendered life course and family strategies to improve fit; (3) recognizing social change; (4) seeking work-time policy transformation, not simply assimilation or accommodation; and (5) focusing on prevention. In doing so, it provides a very brief history of the workfamily intersection from a US vantage point, along with an overview of organizational response by employers to the work-family conundrum. There is a growing recognition that a sense of fit or misfit in terms of rising temporal demands, limited temporal resources and outdated work-hour constraints on workers and families has become a public health issue. The next step is for employers and policy makers to break open the time clocks around paid work - the tacit, taken-for-granted beliefs, rules and regulations about the time and timing of work days, work weeks, work years, and work lives. -- Dieser Beitrag stellt die Konzepte des geschlechtsspezifischen Lebenslaufs und der Lebenslaufanpassung vor. Hiermit soll ein breiterer, dynamischer und kontextbezogener Blick geworfen werden auf das Zusammenspiel bzw. Ungleichgewicht des jeweiligen sozialen Umfelds der Arbeitnehmer/innen, ihrer Familien und Gemeinschaften. Fünf Herausforderungen, mit denen Sozialwissenschaftler/innen konfrontiert sind, werden in diesem Beitrag zusammengefasst: (1) Aktualisierung überholter Konzepte und Kategorien, (2) bessere Vereinbarkeit des geschlechtsspezifischen Lebenslaufs mit Familienstrategien, (3) Anerkennung des sozialen Wandels, (4) Suche nach Arbeitszeittransformation im Sinne von Weiterentwicklung und (5) Fokus auf Prävention. Hiermit soll - aus US-amerikanischer Perspektive - ein knapper Überblick über die historische Entwicklung der Schnittstellen zwischen Arbeit und Familie gegeben werden. Ebenfalls wird ein Überblick über die Resonanz der Unternehmensseite hinsichtlich der Organisation des Arbeit-Familien-Komplexes geboten. Es gibt ein gestiegenes Bewusstsein dafür, dass das (Nicht-)Passen aufgrund erhöhter Zeitanforderungen bei gleichzeitig begrenzten Zeitressourcen und überholten Arbeitszeitzwängen der Arbeitnehmer/innen und Familien zunehmend auch eine Frage der Gesundheit der Bevölkerung ist. Der nächste Schritt für Unternehmen und Politik wird sein, die rigiden Zeitkorsetts der bezahlten Arbeit aufzubrechen. Dies bedeutet, die stillschweigenden, für selbstverständlich erachteten Haltungen, Regeln und Regulierungen bezüglich Zeit und ihrer Bemessung für Arbeitstage, -wochen, -jahre und das ganze Arbeitsleben auf den Prüfstand zu stellen.

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    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets with number SP I 2010-501.

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    Date of creation: 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbslm:spi2010501

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    1. Powell, Justin J. W. & Solga, Heike, 2008. "Internationalization of vocational and higher education systems: A comparative-institutional approach," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) SP I 2008-501, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    2. Uhlig, Johannes & Solga, Heike & Schupp, Jürgen, 2009. "Ungleiche Bildungschancen: Welche Rolle spielen underachievement und Persönlichkeitsstruktur?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) SP I 2009-503, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    3. Powell, Justin J. W. & Coutrot, Laurence & Graf, Lukas & Bernhard, Nadine & Kieffer, Annick & Solga, Heike, 2009. "Comparing the relationship between vocational and higher education in Germany and France," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) SP I 2009-506, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    4. Solga, Heike & Pfahl, Lisa, 2009. "Doing gender im technisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Bereich," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) SP I 2009-502, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    5. Karsten Hank, 2004. "Effects of Early Life Family Events on Women’s Late Life Labour Market Behaviour: An Analysis of the Relationship between Childbearing and Retirement in Western Germany," MEA discussion paper series, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy 04047, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
    6. Pfahl, Lisa, 2008. "Die Legitimation der Sonderschule im Lernbehinderungsdiskurs in Deutschland im 20. Jahrhundert," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) SP I 2008-504, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    7. Rusconi, Alessandra & Solga, Heike, 2008. "A systematic reflection upon dual career couples," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) SP I 2008-505, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
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