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Employment, Wages, and the Economic Cycle: Differences between Immigrants and Natives

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  • Christian Dustmann

    ()
    (Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration, Department of Economics, University College London)

  • Albrecht Glitz

    ()
    (Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration, Department of Economics, University College London)

  • Thorsten Vogel

    ()
    (Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin and Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration)

Abstract

In this paper, we analyse differences in the cyclical pattern of employment and wages of immigrants and natives for two large immigrant receiving countries, Germany and the UK. We show that, despite large differences in their immigrant populations, there are similar and significant differences in cyclical responses between immigrants and natives in both countries, even conditional on education, age, and location. We decompose changes in outcomes into a secular trend and a business cycle component. We find significantly larger unemployment responses to economic shocks for low-skilled workers relative to high-skilled workers and for immigrants relative to natives within the same skill group. There is little evidence for differential wage responses to economic shocks. We offer three explanations for these findings: an equilibrium search model, where immigrants experience higher job separation rates, a model of dual labour markets, and differences in the complementarity of immigrants and natives to capital.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London in its series CReAM Discussion Paper Series with number 0609.

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Date of creation: Sep 2006
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Handle: RePEc:crm:wpaper:0609

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Keywords: Immigration; Unemployment; Business Cycle;

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