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Return Migration: Theory and Empirical Evidence

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Author Info

  • Christian Dustmann

    ()
    (Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration, Department of Economics, University College London)

  • Yoram Weiss

    ()
    (The Eitan Berglas School of Economics, Tel Aviv University)

Abstract

In this paper we discuss forms of migration that are non-permanent. We focus on temporary migrations where the decision to return is taken by the immigrant. These migrations are likely to be frequent, and we provide some evidence for the UK. We then develop a simple model which rationalizes the decision of a migrant to return to his home country, despite a persistently higher wage in the host country. We consider three motives for a temporary migration: Differences in relative prices in host- and home country, complementarities between consumption and the location where consumption takes place, and the possibility of accumulating human capital abroad which enhances the immigrant's earnings potential back home. For the last return motive, we discuss extensions which allow for immigrant heterogeneity, and develop implications for selective in- and out- migration.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London in its series CReAM Discussion Paper Series with number 0702.

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Date of creation: Feb 2007
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Handle: RePEc:crm:wpaper:0702

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Related research

Keywords: Life Cycle Models; International Migration; Return Migration;

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References

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  1. Borjas, George J, 1987. "Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 531-53, September.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Cobb-Clark, Deborah A. & Stillman, Steven, 2008. "Emigration and the Age Profile of Retirement among Immigrants," IZA Discussion Papers 3874, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Govert Bijwaard & Qi Wang, 2013. "Return Migration of Foreign Students," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2013005, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
  3. Bijwaard, G.E., 2009. "Labour Market Status and Migration Dynamics," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2009-25, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
  4. Bijwaard, Govert & Schluter, Christian & Wahba, Jackline, 2011. "The Impact of Labour Market Dynamics on the Return-Migration of Immigrants," IZA Discussion Papers 5722, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Bijwaard, Govert E. & Wahba, Jackline, 2014. "Do high-income or low-income immigrants leave faster?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 54-68.
  6. Philippe De Vreyer & Flore Gubert & Anne-Sophie Robilliard, 2009. "Return Migrants in Western Africa: Characteristics and Labour Market Performance," Working Papers DT/2009/06, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  7. Simona Monteleone, 2009. "Brain drain e crescita economica: Una rassegna critica sugli effetti prodotti," Working Papers 2_2009, D.E.S. (Department of Economic Studies), University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.
  8. Hazans, Mihails & Philips, Kaia, 2011. "The Post-Enlargement Migration Experience in the Baltic Labor Markets," IZA Discussion Papers 5878, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Monteleone, Simona & Torrisi, Benedetto, 2010. "A Micro Data Analisys Of Italy’s Brain Drain," MPRA Paper 20995, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Faini, Riccardo & Strom, Steinar & Venturini, Alessandra & Villosio, Claudia, 2009. "Are Foreign Migrants More Assimilated Than Native Ones?," IZA Discussion Papers 4639, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Govert Bijwaard, 2010. "Immigrant migration dynamics model for The Netherlands," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 23(4), pages 1213-1247, September.
  12. Besancenot, Damien & Vranceanu, Radu, 2008. "Migratory policy in developing countries: how to bring best people back?," ESSEC Working Papers DR 08017, ESSEC Research Center, ESSEC Business School.
  13. Bijwaard, Govert & van Doeselaar, Stijn, 2012. "The Impact of Divorce on Return-Migration of Family Migrants," IZA Discussion Papers 6852, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  14. Govert E. Bijwaard, 2008. "Modeling Migration Dynamics of Immigrants," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 08-070/4, Tinbergen Institute.
  15. Simona Monteleone & Benedetto Torrisi, 2010. "A micro data analysis of Italy’s brain drain," Discussion Papers 4_2010, D.E.S. (Department of Economic Studies), University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.
  16. Bijwaard, Govert & Wahba, Jackline, 2013. "Do High-Income or Low-Income Immigrants Leave Faster?," IZA Discussion Papers 7732, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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