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Does the Canadian economy suffer from Dutch disease?

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  • Beine, Michel
  • Bos, Charles S.
  • Coulombe, Serge

Abstract

We argue that the failure to disentangle the evolution of the Canadian currency from the U.S. currency leads to potentially incorrect conclusions regarding the case of Dutch disease in Canada. We propose a new approach that is aimed at extracting both currency components and energy- and commodity-price components from observed exchange rates and prices. We first analyze the separate influence of commodity prices on the Canadian and the U.S. currency components. We then estimate the separate impact of the two currency components on the shares of manufacturing employment in Canada. We show that between 33 and 39 per cent of the manufacturing employment loss that was due to exchange rate developments between 2002 and 2007 is related to the Dutch disease phenomenon. The remaining proportion of the employment loss can be ascribed to the weakness of the U.S.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Resource and Energy Economics.

Volume (Year): 34 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 468-492

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Handle: RePEc:eee:resene:v:34:y:2012:i:4:p:468-492

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505569

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Keywords: Dutch disease; Natural resources; Exchange rates; Currency components; Bayesian econometrics;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Elissaios Papyrakis & Ohad Raveh, 2013. "An Empirical Analysis of a Regional Dutch Disease: The case of Canada," OxCarre Working Papers 106, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
  2. Weber, Jeremy G., 2013. "A Decade of Natural Gas Development: The Makings of a Resource Curse?," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 150407, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  3. Wessel N. Vermeulen, 2013. "Resource Income and the Effect on Domestic Neighbours: A case study on Canadian Provinces," CREA Discussion Paper Series 13-05, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
  4. Torfinn Harding & Anthony J Venables, 2013. "The Implications of Natural Resource Exports for Non-Resource Trade," OxCarre Working Papers 103, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
  5. Mardi Dungey & Renée Fry-McKibbin & Verity Linehan, 2013. "Chinese Resource Demand and the Natural Resource Supplier," CAMA Working Papers 2013-54, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  6. Wessel N. Vermeulen, 2011. "External income, De-industrialisation and Labour Mobility," CREA Discussion Paper Series 11-20, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
  7. Brown, Jason, 2014. "Production of natural gas from shale in local economies: a resource blessing or curse?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q I, pages 1-29.
  8. Michel Beine & Serge Coulombe & Wessel N. Vermeulen, 2012. "Dutch Disease and the Mitigation Effect of Migration: Evidence from Canadian Provinces," CREA Discussion Paper Series 12-06, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
  9. João Sousa Andrade & António Portugal Duarte, 2013. "The Dutch Disease in the Portuguese Economy," GEMF Working Papers 2013-05, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.

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