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Ökonomische Aspekte der Lastenverteilung in der Umweltpolitik am Beispiel der Energiewende: Ein Beitrag zum interdisziplinären Dialog

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  • Heindl, Peter

Abstract

Dieser Aufsatz gibt einen Überblick über ökonomische Konzepte der Lastenverteilung zur Finanzierung von öffentlichen Gütern als Beitrag zur interdisziplinären Diskussion. Im Mittelpunkt des Interesses stehen dabei Verteilungswirkungen der Umweltpolitik. Zunächst werden zwei Typen von Verteilungsregeln besprochen: das Ability-to-Pay-Prinzip und das Benefit-Prinzip. Anschließend werden die Verteilungswirkungen der Förderung erneuerbarer Energien über das Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (EEG) in Deutschland auf Ebene privater Haushalte besprochen. Wie sich zeigt, wirkt das EEG regressiv und belastet Haushalte mit geringerem Einkommen im Vergleich zu wohlhabenderen Haushalten stärker. Schließlich wird das Problem der Energiearmut besprochen. Zwar fehlt in Deutschland derzeit die empirische Grundlage zur angemessenen Definition des Problems, Indikatoren zur Energiearmut könnten perspektivisch jedoch nützliche Informationen zur Ausgestaltung von Klima- und Energiepolitik bereitstellen.

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  • Heindl, Peter, 2014. "Ökonomische Aspekte der Lastenverteilung in der Umweltpolitik am Beispiel der Energiewende: Ein Beitrag zum interdisziplinären Dialog," ZEW Discussion Papers 14-061, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:14061
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    1. Dr. Jochen Diekmann & Dr. Barbara Breitschopf & Dr. Ulrike Lehr, 2015. "Politische Optionen zur Verminderung von Verteilungswirkungen der EEG-Umlage," GWS Discussion Paper Series 15-18, GWS - Institute of Economic Structures Research.
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:7:y:2015:i:12:p:16599-16615:d:60708 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Heindl, Peter & Löschel, Andreas, 2015. "Social implications of green growth policies from the perspective of energy sector reform and its impact on households," CAWM Discussion Papers 81, University of Münster, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM).
    4. Gawel, Erik & Korte, Klaas & Tews, Kerstin, 2015. "Energiewende im Wunderland: Mythen zur Sozialverträglichkeit der Förderung erneuerbarer Energien durch das EEG," UFZ Discussion Papers 2/2015, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS).
    5. Erik Gawel & Klaas Korte & Kerstin Tews, 2015. "Distributional Challenges of Sustainability Policies—The Case of the German Energy Transition," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(12), pages 1-17, December.
    6. Dr. Jochen Dieckmann & Dr. Barbara Breitschopf & Dr. Ulrike Lehr, 2016. "Social impacts of renewable energy in Germany – size, history and alleviation," GWS Discussion Paper Series 16-7, GWS - Institute of Economic Structures Research.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energiewende; Verteilungswirkungen; Finanzwissenschaft; Energiearmut; Umweltpolitik;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H54 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Infrastructures

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