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Measuring Fuel Poverty: General Considerations and Application to German Household Data

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  • Peter Heindl

Abstract

Fuel poverty measurement consists of two independent parts: firstly, the definition of an adequate fuel poverty line, and secondly, techniques to measure fuel poverty. This paper reviews options for the definition of fuel poverty lines and techniques for fuel poverty measurement. Based on household data from Germany, figures that would result from different fuel poverty lines are derived. Different fuel poverty lines yield highly different results with respect to which households are identified as fuel poor. Thus, the choice of the fuel poverty line matters decisively for the resulting assessment. Options for fuel poverty measurement and subgroup comparison are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Heindl, 2014. "Measuring Fuel Poverty: General Considerations and Application to German Household Data," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 632, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp632
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    Cited by:

    1. Philipp Biermann, 2016. "How Fuel Poverty Affects Subjective Well-Being: Panel Evidence from Germany," Working Papers V-395-16, University of Oldenburg, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2016.
    2. Heinz Welsch & Philipp Biermann, 2014. "Energy Prices, Energy Poverty, and Well-Being: Evidence for European Countries," Working Papers V-369-14, University of Oldenburg, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2014.
    3. Heindl, Peter & Schuessler, Rudolf, 2015. "Dynamic properties of energy affordability measures," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 123-132.
    4. Heindl Peter & Aigeltinger Gerd & Liessem Verena & Römer Daniel & Schwengers Clarita & Vogt Claire, 2017. "Zum Stromkonsum von Haushalten in Grundsicherung: Eine empirische Analyse für Deutschland," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 18(4), pages 348-367, November.
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    6. Schuessler, Rudolf, 2014. "Energy poverty indicators: Conceptual issues. Part I: The ten-percent-rule and double median/mean indicators," ZEW Discussion Papers 14-037, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    7. Nadine Schreiner, 2015. "Auf der Suche nach Energiearmut: eine Potentialanalyse des Low-Income-High-Cost Indikators für Deutschland," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 811, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    8. He, Xiaoping & Reiner, David, 2016. "Electricity demand and basic needs: Empirical evidence from China's households," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 212-221.
    9. repec:zbw:rwirep:0542 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Heindl, Peter & Löschel, Andreas, 2015. "Social implications of green growth policies from the perspective of energy sector reform and its impact on households," ZEW Discussion Papers 15-012, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    11. Martin Achtnicht, 2016. "The Effect of Building Energy Retrofits on Daily Heating Time," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 36(2), pages 1128-1135.
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    13. Schulte, Isabella & Heindl, Peter, 2017. "Price and income elasticities of residential energy demand in Germany," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 512-528.
    14. Scarpellini, Sabina & Rivera-Torres, Pilar & Suárez-Perales, Inés & Aranda-Usón, Alfonso, 2015. "Analysis of energy poverty intensity from the perspective of the regional administration: Empirical evidence from households in southern Europe," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 729-738.
    15. Roberts, Deborah & Vera-Toscano, Esperanza & Phimister, Euan, 2015. "Fuel poverty in the UK: Is there a difference between rural and urban areas?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 216-223.
    16. Heindl, Peter, 2014. "Ökonomische Aspekte der Lastenverteilung in der Umweltpolitik am Beispiel der Energiewende: Ein Beitrag zum interdisziplinären Dialog," ZEW Discussion Papers 14-061, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    17. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:5:p:483:d:70173 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Stefan Bouzarovski & Saska Petrova & Sergio Tirado-Herrero, 2014. "From Fuel Poverty to Energy Vulnerability: The Importance of Services, Needs and Practices," SPRU Working Paper Series 2014-25, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
    19. Elke D. Groh & Andreas Ziegler, 2017. "On self-interested preferences for burden sharing rules: An econometric analysis for the costs of energy policy measures," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201754, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    20. Fischer, W. & Hake, J.-Fr. & Kuckshinrichs, W. & Schröder, T. & Venghaus, S., 2016. "German energy policy and the way to sustainability: Five controversial issues in the debate on the “Energiewende”," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 115(P3), pages 1580-1591.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fuel poverty; energy poverty; poverty measurement; Energiearmut; Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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