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Ist die Energiewende sozial gerecht?


  • Peter Heindl
  • Rudolf Schüßler
  • Andreas Löschel


The transition of the German energy system towards renewable energy carriers triggers considerable costs for private households. Costs are passed through to households by a surcharge per kilowatt hour. This effectively leads to high cost burdens for poorer households relative to wealthier ones. The authors discuss the issue from the perspective of social justice and argue that costs are distributed in an unfair manner. In the light of the rising costs of renewable energy promotion, affordability of energy among the poorest should receive increasing attention. Measures of fuel poverty and deprivation with respect to energy could serve as adequate ex-post indicators of non-affordability and should be considered in Germany. Copyright ZBW and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Heindl & Rudolf Schüßler & Andreas Löschel, 2014. "Ist die Energiewende sozial gerecht?," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 94(7), pages 508-514, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:wirtsc:v:94:y:2014:i:7:p:508-514
    DOI: 10.1007/s10273-014-1705-7

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    Cited by:

    1. Frondel Manuel & Kutzschbauch Ole & Sommer Stephan & Traub Stefan, 2017. "Die Gerechtigkeitslücke in der Verteilung der Kosten der Energiewende auf die privaten Haushalte," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 18(4), pages 335-347, November.
    2. Heindl Peter & Aigeltinger Gerd & Liessem Verena & Römer Daniel & Schwengers Clarita & Vogt Claire, 2017. "Zum Stromkonsum von Haushalten in Grundsicherung: Eine empirische Analyse für Deutschland," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 18(4), pages 348-367, November.
    3. Elke D. Groh & Andreas Ziegler, 2017. "On self-interested preferences for burden sharing rules: An econometric analysis for the costs of energy policy measures," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201754, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    4. Groh, Elke D. & Ziegler, Andreas, 2018. "On self-interested preferences for burden sharing rules: An econometric analysis for the costs of energy policy measures," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 417-426.
    5. Dr. Jochen Dieckmann & Dr. Barbara Breitschopf & Dr. Ulrike Lehr, 2016. "Social impacts of renewable energy in Germany – size, history and alleviation," GWS Discussion Paper Series 16-7, GWS - Institute of Economic Structures Research.
    6. Heindl, Peter & Löschel, Andreas, 2015. "Social implications of green growth policies from the perspective of energy sector reform and its impact on households," CAWM Discussion Papers 81, University of Münster, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM).
    7. Gawel, Erik & Korte, Klaas & Tews, Kerstin, 2015. "Energiewende im Wunderland: Mythen zur Sozialverträglichkeit der Förderung erneuerbarer Energien durch das EEG," UFZ Discussion Papers 2/2015, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS).
    8. Frondel, Manuel & Sommer, Stephan, 2018. "Der Preis der Energiewende: Anstieg der Kostenbelastung einkommensschwacher Haushalte," RWI Materialien 128, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
    9. Dr. Jochen Diekmann & Dr. Barbara Breitschopf & Dr. Ulrike Lehr, 2015. "Politische Optionen zur Verminderung von Verteilungswirkungen der EEG-Umlage," GWS Discussion Paper Series 15-18, GWS - Institute of Economic Structures Research.
    10. Heindl, Peter, 2014. "Ökonomische Aspekte der Lastenverteilung in der Umweltpolitik am Beispiel der Energiewende: Ein Beitrag zum interdisziplinären Dialog," ZEW Discussion Papers 14-061, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    11. Bouzarovski, Stefan & Simcock, Neil, 2017. "Spatializing energy justice," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 640-648.
    12. Frondel, Manuel, 2017. "Die Verteilung der Kosten des Ausbaus der Erneuerbaren: Eine qualitative Bewertung der meistdiskutierten Vorschläge," RWI Materialien 121, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
    13. Groh, Elke D. & Möllendorff, Charlotte v., 2020. "What shapes the support of renewable energy expansion? Public attitudes between policy goals and risk, time, and social preferences," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 137(C).
    14. Growitsch Christian & Meier Helena & Schleich Sebastian, 2015. "Regionale Verteilungswirkungen des Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetzes," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 16(1), pages 72-87, March.
    15. Andor, Mark & Frondel, Manuel & Vance, Colin, 2015. "Installing Photovoltaics in Germany: A license to print money?," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 106-116.
    16. Sven Rudolph & Achim Lerch, 2015. "Just ETS? Social Justice and Recent Reforms in EU and US Carbon Markets," Discussion papers e-15-009, Graduate School of Economics , Kyoto University.
    17. Beyer, Gregor & Borchers, Dagmar & Frondel, Manuel & Hrach, Marcus & Kutzschbauch, Ole & Menges, Roland & Sommer, Stephan & Traub, Stefan, 2017. "Die gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz der Energiewende: Befunde eines interdisziplinären Forschungsprojektes," RWI Materialien 116, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
    18. Florian Hanke & Jens Lowitzsch, 2020. "Empowering Vulnerable Consumers to Join Renewable Energy Communities—Towards an Inclusive Design of the Clean Energy Package," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(7), pages 1-27, April.

    More about this item


    D63; I32; Q52;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects


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