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River Sharing and Water Trade


  • Weikard, Hans-Peter
  • Ansink, Erik
  • Gengenbach, Michael


We analyse river sharing games in which a set of agents located along a river shares the available water. Using coalition theory, we find that the potential benefits of water trade may not be su cient to make all agents in the river cooperate and acknowledge property rights as a prerequisite for trade. Specifically, a complete market for river water may not emerge if there are four or more agents along the river. Instead, a partial market may emerge where a subset of agents trades river water, with the possibility that other agents take some of the river water that passes their territory.

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  • Weikard, Hans-Peter & Ansink, Erik & Gengenbach, Michael, 2013. "River Sharing and Water Trade," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79931, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc13:79931

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    1. Wang, Yuntong, 2011. "Trading water along a river," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 124-130, March.
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    11. Erik Ansink & Hans-Peter Weikard, 2012. "Sequential sharing rules for river sharing problems," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 38(2), pages 187-210, February.
    12. Neda A. Zawahri & Ariel Dinar & Getachew Nigatu, 2016. "Governing international freshwater resources: an analysis of treaty design," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 16(2), pages 307-331, April.
    13. Ansink, Erik & Weikard, Hans-Peter, 2009. "Contested water rights," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 247-260, June.
    14. Sylvain Beal & Amandine Ghintran & Eric Remila & Philippe Solal, 2013. "The River Sharing Problem: A Survey," International Game Theory Review (IGTR), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 15(03), pages 1-19.
    15. Harold Houba & Hans-Peter Weikard, 2009. "Stone Age Equilibrium," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 09-092/1, Tinbergen Institute.
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    19. Erik Ansink & Hans-Peter Weikard, 2015. "Composition properties in the river claims problem," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 44(4), pages 807-831, April.
    20. repec:cor:louvrp:-1276 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Nadine Wittmann, 2014. "A Note on Distortional Distributional Effects in River Basin Discharge Permit Trade," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 28(1), pages 279-285, January.
    2. Erik Ansink & Harold Houba, 2014. "The Economics of Transboundary River Management," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-132/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    3. Grundel, S., 2015. "Essays on cooperation in resource allocation and scheduling," Other publications TiSEM c2d78915-6b6f-4f8b-b601-0, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    4. Erik Ansink & Hans-Peter Weikard, 2015. "Composition properties in the river claims problem," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 44(4), pages 807-831, April.
    5. Nadine Wittmann, 2014. "A Microeconomic Perspective on Water Resources Management: Analyzing the Effects on Optimal Land Rents Along a River Basin," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 28(5), pages 1309-1325, March.
    6. Kong, Wen & Knapp, Keith C., 2014. "Economic and Political Equilibrium for a Renewable Natural Resource with International Trade," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 170591, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C79 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Other
    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
    • P14 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Property Rights

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