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Die Ministererlaubnis als Element der deutschen Wettbewerbsordnung: Eine theoretische und empirische Analyse

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  • Budzinski, Oliver
  • Stöhr, Annika

Abstract

Das Instrument der Ministererlaubnis ist ein vieldiskutierter Sonderfall in der deutschen Wettbewerbspolitik, bei welchem der Bundeswirtschaftsminister einen vom Bundeskartellamt (BKartA) untersagten Zusammenschluss bei Vorliegen besonderer Gründe im Nachhinein doch noch erlauben kann. Im vorliegenden Beitrag werden sowohl die Ausgestaltung, als auch die Sinnhaftigkeit des Instrumentes an sich aus ökonomischer Sicht beleuchtet, indem zunächst die im Gesetz verankerten Gründe für eine Erlaubnis auf einen Konflikt mit dem Schutz des Wettbewerbs, als übergeordnete Aufgabe des BKartA, untersucht werden. Nach einer Analyse der bisherigen 22 Fälle, bezogen auf die jeweiligen Begründungen und Erfolge, werden abschließend fünf Möglichkeiten zur Novellierung des Instrumentes diskutiert. Dabei kommen die Autoren zu dem Schluss, dass eine Anpassung des Gesetzes, sowohl bezogen auf das entscheidende Gremium, als auch bezüglich der zulässigen Begründungen für eine Ministererlaubnis, notwendig wäre, um das Bestehen des Instrumentes wohlfahrtsökonomisch rechtfertigen zu können.

Suggested Citation

  • Budzinski, Oliver & Stöhr, Annika, 2018. "Die Ministererlaubnis als Element der deutschen Wettbewerbsordnung: Eine theoretische und empirische Analyse," Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers 114, Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:tuiedp:114
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    Cited by:

    1. Budzinski, Oliver & Stöhr, Annika, 2018. "Competition policy reform in Europe and Germany - Institutional change in the light of digitization," Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers 117, Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ministererlaubnis; Wettbewerbspolitik; Zusammenschlusskontrolle; Mergers & Acquisitions; Wettbewerbsökonomik; Antitrust; Recht & Ökonomik; Fusionskontrolle; Wettbewerbsordnung; Wirtschaftspolitik;

    JEL classification:

    • L40 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - General
    • K21 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Antitrust Law
    • B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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