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Fragmentation, globalization and labor markets

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  • Burda, Michael C.
  • Dluhosch, Barbara

Abstract

Fragmentation of the value-added-chain is modeled as the reaction of monopolistically competitive firms to the removal of barriers to trade and factor mobility in an integrated trading environment. Since fragmentation requires high-skilled labor, this form of globalization can induce labor market effects similar to those caused by skill-biased technical change. In the short run, it is likely that fragmentation will be accompanied by an increase in high and low-skilled service employment as well as in the skilled wage premia, as observed in OECD countries. These implications can be reversed, however, as new firms enter the market.

Suggested Citation

  • Burda, Michael C. & Dluhosch, Barbara, 2001. "Fragmentation, globalization and labor markets," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 2001,41, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:sfb373:200141
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    1. Hartmut Egger & Josef Falkinger, 2003. "The Role of Public Infrastructure for Firm Location and International Outsourcing," CESifo Working Paper Series 970, CESifo.
    2. Kong Weng Ho & Hian Teck Hoon, 2003. "Service Links and Wage Inequality," Departmental Working Papers wp0301, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics.
    3. Horgos, Daniel, 2009. "Labor market effects of international outsourcing: How measurement matters," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 611-623, October.
    4. Michael C. Burda & Barbara Dluhosch, 2002. "Cost Competition, Fragmentation, and Globalization," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(3), pages 424-441, August.
    5. Paolo Guerrieri & Filippo Vergara Caffarelli, 2004. "International Fragmentation of Production and Euro-Med Integration," EUI-RSCAS Working Papers 28, European University Institute (EUI), Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies (RSCAS).
    6. Nicholas Sim, 2004. "International production sharing and economic development: moving up the value-chain for a small-open economy," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(14), pages 885-889.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International Trade; Organization of Production; Technology Choice; Division of Labor;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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