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Unvollkommene Arbeitsmärkte in makroökonomischen Modellen: Eine Übersicht

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  • Franz, Wolfgang

Abstract

Der Beitrag liefert einen Überblick über die Theorie und Empirie unvollkommener Arbeitsmärkte und deren Ursachen in Form von nicht markträumenden Lohnsätzen und aufgrund von Heterogenitäten. Zunächst wird eine begriffliche Klarstellung von Lohnrigiditäten vorgenommen und aufgezeigt, wie unterschiedliche Dimensionen dieses Terminus' gemessen werden können. Es folgt eine Diskussion über theoretische Aspekte von Lohn- und Preisrigiditäten. Nach dieser begrifflichen Klarstellung wird zunächst analysiert, ob und inwieweit empirische Evidenz für Lohnrigiditäten bzw. für Persistenzphänomene der Arbeitslosigkeit vorhanden ist. Danach erfolgt eine Übersicht über theoretische Erklärungsversuche realer Lohnrigiditäten auf der Basis von Insider-Outsider-Modellen, Effizienzlohn-Modellen und Gewerkschaftsansätzen sowie über nominale Lohnrigiditäten in Form überlappender Lohnkontrakte. Der Beitrag schließt mit einer kurzen Übersicht über die Makroökonomik heterogener Arbeitsmärkte. Hier wird aufgezeigt, wie Unvollkommenheiten in Form von Suchprozessen oder eines Mismatch in ein makroökonomisches Paradigma eingebaut werden können und zwar im Rahmen eines AIRU-Phillipskurvenansatzes, der Beveridge-Kurve und der Theorie temporärer Gleichgewichte.

Suggested Citation

  • Franz, Wolfgang, 1993. "Unvollkommene Arbeitsmärkte in makroökonomischen Modellen: Eine Übersicht," Discussion Papers 1, University of Konstanz, Center for International Labor Economics (CILE).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:koncil:1
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    Cited by:

    1. Roland Müller, 1998. "Fixe Lohnnebenkosten als Erklärungsursache für Arbeitslosigkeit: tarifpolitische Implikationen für ein "Bündnis für Arbeit"," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 67(4), pages 286-299.
    2. Franz Wolfgang & Pfeiffer Friedhelm, 2003. "Zur ökonomischen Rationalität von Lohnrigiditäten aus der Sicht von Unternehmen / The Rationale for Wage Rigidity: Employers' Viewpoint," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 223(1), pages 23-57, February.

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