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Monetary Policy under the Microscope: Intra-bank Transmission of Asset Purchase Programs of the ECB

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  • Cycon, Lisa
  • Koetter, Michael

Abstract

With a unique loan portfolio maintained by a top-20 universal bank in Germany, this study tests whether unconventional monetary policy by the European Central Bank (ECB) reduced corporate borrowing costs. We decompose corporate lending rates into refinancing costs, as determined by money markets, and markups that the bank is able to charge its customers in regional markets. This decomposition reveals how banks transmit monetary policy within their organizations. To identify policy effects on loan rate components, we exploit the co-existence of eurozone-wide security purchase programs and regional fiscal policies at the district level. ECB purchase programs reduced refinancing costs significantly, even in an economy not specifically targeted for sovereign debt stress relief, but not loan rates themselves. However, asset purchases mitigated those loan price hikes due to additional credit demand stimulated by regional tax policy and enabled the bank to realize larger economic margins.

Suggested Citation

  • Cycon, Lisa & Koetter, Michael, 2015. "Monetary Policy under the Microscope: Intra-bank Transmission of Asset Purchase Programs of the ECB," IWH Discussion Papers 9/2015, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:iwhdps:iwh-9-15
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    Cited by:

    1. Schmidt, Kirsten & Noth, Felix & Tonzer, Lena, 2021. "A note of caution on quantifying banks' recapitalization effects," Discussion Papers 02/2021, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    2. Buchholz, Manuel & Schmidt, Kirsten & Tonzer, Lena, 2020. "Do conventional monetary policy instruments matter in unconventional times?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 118(C).
    3. Storz, Manuela & Koetter, Michael & Setzer, Ralph & Westphal, Andreas, 2017. "Do we want these two to tango? On zombie firms and stressed banks in Europe," Working Paper Series 2104, European Central Bank.
    4. Machiel van Dijk & Andrei Dubovik, 2018. "Effects of Unconventional Monetary Policy on European Corporate Credit," CPB Discussion Paper 372.rdf, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    5. Sondershaus, Talina, 2019. "Spillovers of asset purchases within the real sector: Win-win or joy and sorrow?," IWH Discussion Papers 22/2019, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    6. Kick, Thomas & Koetter, Michael & Storz, Manuela, 2020. "Cross-border transmission of emergency liquidity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 113(C).
    7. Nicholas Coleman & Ricardo Correa & Leo Feler & Jason Goldrosen, 2017. "Internal Liquidity Management and Local Credit Provision," International Finance Discussion Papers 1204, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    8. Machiel van Dijk & Andrei Dubovik, 2018. "Effects of Unconventional Monetary Policy on European Corporate Credit," CPB Discussion Paper 372, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    unconventional monetary policy; asset purchase programs; ECB; interest rate channel; internal capital markets;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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