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Housing market bubbles and business cycles in an agent-based credit economy

Author

Listed:
  • Erlingsson, Einar Jon
  • Cincotti, Silvano
  • Stefansson, Hlynur
  • Sturlusson, Jon Thor
  • Teglio, Andrea
  • Raberto, Marco

Abstract

In this paper the authors present an agent-based model of a credit network economy. The artificial economy includes different economic agents that interact using simple behavioral rules through various markets, i.e., the consumption goods market, the labor market, the credit market and the housing market. A set of computational experiments, based on numerical simulations of the model, have been carried out in order to explore the effects of different households' creditworthiness conditions required by the banking system to grant a mortgage. The authors find that easier access to credit inflates housing prices, triggering a short run output expansion, mainly due to the wealth effect. Also, with a more permissive policy towards household mortgages, and thus higher levels of credit, the artificial economy becomes more unstable and prone to recessions usually caused by falling housing prices. Often the authors find that an initial crisis can leave firms in a fragile state. If the situation is not cured, a subsequent crisis can lead to mass bankruptcies of firms with catastrophic effects on the credit sector and on the real economy. With stricter conditions on household mortgages the economy is more stable and does not fall into serious recessions, although a too severe regulation can slow down economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Erlingsson, Einar Jon & Cincotti, Silvano & Stefansson, Hlynur & Sturlusson, Jon Thor & Teglio, Andrea & Raberto, Marco, 2013. "Housing market bubbles and business cycles in an agent-based credit economy," Economics Discussion Papers 2013-32, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwedp:201332
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Marco Raberto & Bulent Ozel & Linda Ponta & Andrea Teglio & Silvano Cincotti, 2019. "From financial instability to green finance: the role of banking and credit market regulation in the Eurace model," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 429-465, March.
    2. Alberto Russo, 2017. "An Agent Based Macroeconomic Model with Social Classes and Endogenous Crises," Italian Economic Journal: A Continuation of Rivista Italiana degli Economisti and Giornale degli Economisti, Springer;Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association), vol. 3(3), pages 285-306, November.
    3. Cardaci, Alberto, 2018. "Inequality, household debt and financial instability: An agent-based perspective," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 149(C), pages 434-458.
    4. Huub Meijers & Önder Nomaler & Bart Verspagen, 2019. "Demand, credit and macroeconomic dynamics. A micro simulation model," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 337-364, March.
    5. Bence Mérõ, 2019. "Novel Modelling of the Operation of the Financial Intermediary System – Agent-based Macro Models," Financial and Economic Review, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 18(3), pages 83-113.
    6. Mérő, Bence & Vágó, Nikolett, 2018. "Keresletvezérelt lakáspiaci modell a lakáshitelezést szabályozó makro prudenciális eszközök tanulmányozására [A demand-led model of the housing market for studying the macro-prudential means of reg," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 1115-1153.
    7. Lauretta, Eliana, 2018. "The hidden soul of financial innovation: An agent-based modelling of home mortgage securitization and the finance-growth nexus," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 51-73.
    8. Baptista, Rafa & Farmer, J. Doyne & Hinterschweiger, Marc & Low, Katie & Tang, Daniel & Uluc, Arzu, 2016. "Macroprudential policy in an agent-based model of the UK housing market," Bank of England working papers 619, Bank of England.
    9. Bulent Ozel & Reynold Christian Nathanael & Marco Raberto & Andrea Teglio & Silvano Cincotti, 2019. "Macroeconomic implications of mortgage loan requirements: an agent-based approach," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 14(1), pages 7-46, March.
    10. Opeoluwa Banwo & Paul Harrald & Francesca Medda, 2019. "Understanding the consequences of diversification on financial stability," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 14(2), pages 273-292, June.
    11. Teglio, Andrea & Mazzocchetti, Andrea & Ponta, Linda & Raberto, Marco & Cincotti, Silvano, 2019. "Budgetary rigour with stimulus in lean times: Policy advices from an agent-based model," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 59-83.
    12. Kirill S. Glavatskiy & Mikhail Prokopenko & Adrian Carro & Paul Ormerod & Michael Harre, 2020. "Explaining herding and volatility in the cyclical price dynamics of urban housing markets using a large scale agent-based model," Papers 2004.07571, arXiv.org.
    13. Klimek, Peter & Poledna, Sebastian & Doyne Farmer, J. & Thurner, Stefan, 2015. "To bail-out or to bail-in? Answers from an agent-based model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 144-154.
    14. Khaldoun Khashanah & Talal Alsulaiman, 2017. "Connectivity, Information Jumps, and Market Stability: An Agent-Based Approach," Complexity, Hindawi, vol. 2017, pages 1-16, August.
    15. Andrew G. Haldane & Arthur E. Turrell, 2019. "Drawing on different disciplines: macroeconomic agent-based models," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 39-66, March.
    16. Marco Raberto & Bulent Ozel & Linda Ponta & Andrea Teglio & Silvano Cincotti, 2016. "From financial instability to green finance: the role of banking and monetary policies in the Eurace model," Working Papers 2016/07, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Credit cycles; housing market; agent-based model; subprime lending;

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets
    • R38 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Government Policy

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