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Modeling the Effects of Grade Retention in High School

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  • Cockx, Bart
  • Picchio, Matteo
  • Baert, Stijn

Abstract

A dynamic discrete choice model is set up to estimate the effects of grade retention in high school, both in the short-run (end-of-year evaluation) and in the long-run (drop-out and delay). In contrast to other evaluation approaches, this model captures essential treatment heterogeneity and controls for grade-varying unobservable determinants. In addition, forced track downgrading is considered as an alternative remedial measure. Our results indicate that grade retention has a neutral effect on academic achievement in the short-run. In the long-run, grade retention, just like forced downgrading, has adverse effects on schooling outcomes and, more so, for less able pupils.

Suggested Citation

  • Cockx, Bart & Picchio, Matteo & Baert, Stijn, 2017. "Modeling the Effects of Grade Retention in High School," GLO Discussion Paper Series 148, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:148
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/171448/1/GLO-DP-0148.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Baert, Stijn & Neyt, Brecht & Omey, Eddy & Verhaest, Dieter, 2017. "Student Work, Educational Achievement, and Later Employment: A Dynamic Approach," IZA Discussion Papers 11127, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Picchio, Matteo & Pigini, Claudia & Staffolani, Stefano & Verashchagina, Alina, 2018. "If Not Now, When? The Timing of Childbirth and Labour Market Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 11270, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Education; grade retention; track mobility; dynamic discrete choice models; heterogeneous treatment effects;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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