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Modeling the Effects of Grade Retention in High School

Author

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  • Stijn BAERT

    () (Sherppa, Ghent University, University of Antwerp, Universit‚ catholique de Louvain; IZA)

  • Bart COCKX

    () (Sherppa, Ghent University, IRES, Universit‚catholique de Louvain, IZA; CESifo)

  • Matteo PICCHIO

    () (Universit… Politecnica delle Marche, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali)

Abstract

A dynamic discrete choice model is set up to estimate the effects of grade retention in high school, both in the short- (end-of-year evaluation) and long-run (drop-out and delay). In contrast to regression discontinuity designs, this approach captures treatment heterogeneity and controls for grade-varying unobservable determinants. We deal with initial conditions and with partial observability of the track choices at the start of high school. Forced track downgrading is considered as an alternative remedial measure. In the longrun, grade retention and its alternative have adverse effects on schooling outcomes and, more so, for less able pupils.

Suggested Citation

  • Stijn BAERT & Bart COCKX & Matteo PICCHIO, 2016. "Modeling the Effects of Grade Retention in High School," Working Papers 417, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  • Handle: RePEc:anc:wpaper:417
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    Cited by:

    1. Baert, Stijn & Neyt, Brecht & Omey, Eddy & Verhaest, Dieter, 2017. "Student Work, Educational Achievement, and Later Employment: A Dynamic Approach," IZA Discussion Papers 11127, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Education; dynamic discrete choice models; grade retention; heterogeneous treatment effects; track mobility;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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