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Innovationsverhalten in Familienunternehmen

Author

Listed:
  • Hülsbeck, Marcel
  • Lehmann, Erik E.
  • Weiß, Dominik
  • Wirsching, Katharine

Abstract

Familienunternehmen gelten in der öffentlichen Wahrnehmung als besonders innovativ und als Hidden Champions der deutschen Wirtschaft. In jüngster Zeit widmen sich Forscher vermehrt der Überprüfung dieser These und kommen zu diametral unterschiedlichen Ergebnissen. Einerseits wird Familienunternehmen ein besonderer Unternehmergeist bescheinigt, der sie besonders innovativ macht, andererseits soll die mangelnde Trennung von Eigentum und Kontrolle sowie unzureichende Diversifikation zu deutlich geringer Innovationsaktivität führen. In dieser Studie untersuchen wir Innovationsaktivitäten von 436 deutschen Industrieunternehmen unterschiedlicher Rechtsformen, Größen, Alter, Industrien und vor allem unterschiedlicher familiärer Beteiligung und Beeinflussung des Management und des Aufsichtsrates. Wir kommen dabei zu differenzierten Ergebnissen. Grundsätzlich wirkt sich sowohl familiäres Anteilseigentum als Beteiligung der Eignerfamilie im Top Management signifikant negativ auf Innovationsaktivitäten aus. Im Gegensatz dazu hat der Grad familiärer Kontrolle im Aufsichtsrat signifikant positive Auswirkungen auf das Innovationsverhalten. Die Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass inhabergeführte Unternehmen aufgrund von Risikoaversion wenig innovativ sind, während der Rückzug der Investorenfamilie in die Rolle eines Ideengebers und Kontrolleurs zu mehr Innnovationen führt.

Suggested Citation

  • Hülsbeck, Marcel & Lehmann, Erik E. & Weiß, Dominik & Wirsching, Katharine, 2011. "Innovationsverhalten in Familienunternehmen," UO Working Papers 02-11, University of Augsburg, Chair of Management and Organization.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:auguow:0211
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Sechs Lesetipps für’s Pfingstwochenende
      by Johannes Eber in Pixelökonom on 2012-05-25 16:54:35

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Familienunternehmen; Corporate Governance; Performance; Innovation; family firms; corporate governance; performance; innovation;

    JEL classification:

    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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