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Innovationstätigkeit von Familienunternehmen

  • Werner, Arndt
  • Schröder, Christian
  • Mohr, Benjamin

Familienunternehmen sind genau so innovativ wie Nicht-Familienunternehmen. Systematische Unterschiede gibt es jedoch in Hinblick auf die Innovationstreiber: Ein solcher ist die Unternehmensgröße. So hat sich gezeigt, dass kleinere Familienunternehmen verhältnismäßig große Innovationsvorteile aufweisen. Die Studie liefert auch Hinweise dafür, dass insbesondere ältere Familienunternehmen eine höhere Anzahl von FuE-Kooperationen eingehen. Zudem verkleinern Familienunternehmen seltener ihren Personalbestand. Dies wirkt sich ebenfalls positiv auf ihr Innovationsverhalten aus. Allerdings gibt es auch Faktoren, die das Innovationsverhalten von Familienunternehmen negativ beeinflussen: So zeigt sich, dass die Innovationsneigung in der Gründergeneration am höchsten ist, aber mit jeder nachfolgenden Generation signifikant abnimmt - zum Teil unter das Niveau von Nicht-Familienunternehmen.

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Paper provided by Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn in its series IfM-Materialien with number 225.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifmmat:225
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  1. Fama, Eugene F & Jensen, Michael C, 1983. "Separation of Ownership and Control," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 301-25, June.
  2. Munari, Federico & Oriani, Raffaele & Sobrero, Maurizio, 2010. "The effects of owner identity and external governance systems on R&D investments: A study of Western European firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(8), pages 1093-1104, October.
  3. Nicolas Classen & Martin Carree & Anita Gils & Bettina Peters, 2014. "Innovation in family and non-family SMEs: an exploratory analysis," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 42(3), pages 595-609, March.
  4. Block, Joern & Spiegel, Frank, 2011. "Family Firms and Regional Innovation Activity: Evidence from the German Mittelstand," MPRA Paper 28604, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Haunschild, Ljuba & Wolter, Hans-Jürgen, 2010. "Volkswirtschaftliche Bedeutung von Familien- und Frauenunternehmen," IfM-Materialien 199, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
  6. Kinkel, Steffen & Lay, Gunter, 2012. "Familienunternehmen: Langfristige Stabilität statt kurzfristiger Optimierung. Wettbewerbs- und Modernisierungsstrategien von Familienbetrieben im Vergleich zu anderen Betrieben," Bulletins "German Manufacturing Survey" 60, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI).
  7. Chrisman, James J. & Chua, Jess H. & Kellermanns, Franz W. & Chang, Erick P.C., 2007. "Are family managers agents or stewards? An exploratory study in privately held family firms," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 60(10), pages 1030-1038, October.
  8. Block, Joern H., 2012. "R&D investments in family and founder firms: An agency perspective," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 248-265.
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