IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/zar/wpaper/dt2016-01.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Time spent on cultural activities at home in Spain: Differences between wage-earners and the self-employed

Author

Listed:
  • José Alberto Molina

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universidad de Zaragoza)

  • Juan Carlos Campaña

    (Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universidad de Zaragoza)

  • Raquel Ortega

    (Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universidad de Zaragoza)

Abstract

We analyze differences between wage-earners and self-employees in the time spent on different cultural activities at home (reading, watching TV, and listening to the radio). To that end, we estimate a SUR model with data from the Spanish Time Use Survey for 2009-2010. Our results show that being self-employed has a negative and significant effect on the time dedicated to reading and to watching TV, older individuals spend more time reading, and being male influences the time spent watching TV and listening to the radio, in a statistically significant and positive way. Additionally, those with a higher level of education spend more time reading, while those with lower levels of education prefer to watch TV. Adults with better health spend less time on both reading and watching TV, and families with larger numbers of children up to age 5 tend to spend less time on all three of our at-home cultural activities. Finally, living in a larger city has a positive effect on the time dedicated to all three options.

Suggested Citation

  • José Alberto Molina & Juan Carlos Campaña & Raquel Ortega, 2016. "Time spent on cultural activities at home in Spain: Differences between wage-earners and the self-employed," Documentos de Trabajo dt2016-01, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
  • Handle: RePEc:zar:wpaper:dt2016-01
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.dteconz.unizar.es/DT2016-01.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. J. Gimenez-Nadal & Jose Molina, 2013. "Parents’ education as a determinant of educational childcare time," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 26(2), pages 719-749, April.
    2. José Alberto Molina, 1997. "Two-stage Budgeting as an Economic Decision-making Process for Spanish Consumers," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(1), pages 27-31.
    3. Inmaculada Garcia & Jose Alberto Molina & Victor Manuel Montuenga, 2010. "Intra-family distribution of paid-work time," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(5), pages 589-601.
    4. Jesús Mur & Ana Angulo, 2005. "Model selection strategies in a spatial context," Documentos de Trabajo dt2005-06, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
    5. José Escario & José Molina, 2000. "Estimating anticipated and nonanticipated demand elasticities for cigarettes in Spain," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 6(4), pages 782-793, November.
    6. Gimenez-Nadal, J. Ignacio & Molina, Jose Alberto, 2015. "Health status and the allocation of time: Cross-country evidence from Europe," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 188-203.
    7. Kalenkoski, Charlene Marie & Pabilonia, Sabrina Wulff, 2012. "Time to work or time to play: The effect of student employment on homework, sleep, and screen time," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 211-221.
    8. Mark Aguiar & Erik Hurst, 2007. "Measuring Trends in Leisure: The Allocation of Time Over Five Decades," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 122(3), pages 969-1006.
    9. Carmen F. Castejón & Julia Wörz, 2006. "Good or Bad? The Influence of FDI on Output Growth: An industry-level analysis," wiiw Working Papers 38, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    10. repec:kap:iaecre:v:6:y:2000:i:4:p:782-793 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Becker, Gary S & Murphy, Kevin M, 1988. "A Theory of Rational Addiction," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(4), pages 675-700, August.
    12. Donata Favaro & Carlofilippo Frateschi, 2007. "A discrete choice model of consumption of cultural goods: the case of music," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 31(3), pages 205-234, September.
    13. Daniel S. Hamermesh & Jungmin Lee, 2007. "Stressed Out on Four Continents: Time Crunch or Yuppie Kvetch?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 89(2), pages 374-383, May.
    14. Gimenez-Nadal, Jose Ignacio & Sevilla, Almudena, 2012. "Trends in time allocation: A cross-country analysis," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(6), pages 1338-1359.
    15. José Grisolía & Kenneth Willis, 2012. "A latent class model of theatre demand," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 36(2), pages 113-139, May.
    16. Ralf Dewenter & Michael Westermann, 2005. "Cinema Demand In Germany," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 29(3), pages 213-231, August.
    17. Juan Prieto-Rodríguez & Víctor Fernández-Blanco, 2000. "Are Popular and Classical Music Listeners the Same People?," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 24(2), pages 147-164, May.
    18. Charlene M. Kalenkoski & David C. Ribar & Leslie S. Stratton, 2005. "Parental Child Care in Single-Parent, Cohabiting, and Married-Couple Families: Time-Diary Evidence from the United Kingdom," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(2), pages 194-198, May.
    19. Campaña, Juan Carlos & Gimenez-Nadal, J. Ignacio & Molina, José Alberto, 2015. "Gender differences in the distribution of total work-time of Latin- American families: the importance of social norms," MPRA Paper 62759, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal & Jose Alberto Molina & Raquel Ortega, 2012. "Self-employed mothers and the work-family conflict," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(17), pages 2133-2147, June.
    21. Concetta Castiglione & Davide Infante, 2015. "Rational addiction and cultural goods: the case of the Italian theatregoer," ACEI Working Paper Series AWP-03-2015, Association for Cultural Economics International, revised May 2015.
    22. María Palma & Luis Palma & Luis Aguado, 2013. "Determinants of cultural and popular celebration attendance: the case study of Seville Spring Fiestas," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 37(1), pages 87-107, February.
    23. Isabel Sanz Villarroya & Leandro Prados de la Escosura, 2006. "Libertad económica y convergencia en Argentina: 1875-2000," Documentos de Trabajo dt2006-04, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
    24. Suzanne Bianchi, 2000. "Maternal employment and time with children: Dramatic change or surprising continuity?," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 37(4), pages 401-414, November.
    25. Jorge Velilla & José Alberto Molina, 2015. "Emprendedores y asalariados en España: efectos de la situación financiera familiar y diferencias en salarios," Documentos de Trabajo dt2015-07, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
    26. José Molina, 2015. "Caring within the Family: Reconciling Work and Family Life," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 36(1), pages 1-4, March.
    27. Begoña Gutiérrez Nieto & Carlos Serrano Cinca, 2006. "Factors explaining the rating of Microfinance Institutions," Documentos de Trabajo dt2006-03, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. José Alberto Molina & Juan Carlos Campaña & Raquel Ortega, 2017. "Children’s interaction with the Internet: time dedicated to communications and games," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(6), pages 359-364, March.
    2. García, Lucia & Velilla, Jorge, 2018. "Estimación del Modelo de Demanda de Rotterdam para España: evolución de las elasticidades
      [Estimation of the Rotterdam Model in Spain: the Evolution of Elasticities]
      ," MPRA Paper 88785, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Reading; Watching TV; Listening to radio; Wage-earners; Self-employees; Time uses; SUR model;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zar:wpaper:dt2016-01. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Vicente Pinilla). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/fezares.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.