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Children’s interaction with the Internet: time dedicated to communications and games


  • José Alberto Molina
  • Juan Carlos Campaña
  • Raquel Ortega


In the context of growing interest of individuals in the Internet, the literature has not paid attention to the uses of time for children, given the scarcity of appropriate data bases that provide accurate information. To partially cover this gap, we now provide here evidence of the time that children aged between 10 and 12 years dedicate to two online activities: computer communication and computer gaming. To that end, we estimate a simultaneous seemingly unrelated regressions (SUR) model with data from the Spanish Time Use Survey for 2009–2010. Results indicate that being female generates a positive influence on the time devoted to computer communication, and being male generates a positive influence on the time devoted to computer gaming. We also find that a greater number of family members with secondary studies generates a positive influence on the time spent on computer gaming. Children with better health spend more time on both of these activities and, finally, living in a larger city produces a positive effect on the time dedicated to computer gaming.

Suggested Citation

  • José Alberto Molina & Juan Carlos Campaña & Raquel Ortega, 2017. "Children’s interaction with the Internet: time dedicated to communications and games," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(6), pages 359-364, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:24:y:2017:i:6:p:359-364
    DOI: 10.1080/13504851.2016.1192270

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gimenez-Nadal, J. Ignacio & Molina, Jose Alberto, 2015. "Health status and the allocation of time: Cross-country evidence from Europe," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 188-203.
    2. Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal & Jose Alberto Molina & Raquel Ortega, 2012. "Self-employed mothers and the work-family conflict," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(17), pages 2133-2147, June.
    3. Molina, Jose Alberto & Campaña, Juan Carlos & Ortega, Raquel, 2015. "Time dedicated by consumers to cultural goods: Determinants for Spain," MPRA Paper 68430, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Gimenez-Nadal, Jose Ignacio & Sevilla, Almudena, 2012. "Trends in time allocation: A cross-country analysis," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(6), pages 1338-1359.
    5. J. Gimenez-Nadal & Jose Molina, 2014. "Regional unemployment, gender, and time allocation of the unemployed," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 105-127, March.
    6. Jonathan Guryan & Erik Hurst & Melissa Kearney, 2008. "Parental Education and Parental Time with Children," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 23-46, Summer.
    7. Kalenkoski, Charlene Marie & Pabilonia, Sabrina Wulff, 2012. "Time to work or time to play: The effect of student employment on homework, sleep, and screen time," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 211-221.
    8. José Alberto Molina & Juan Carlos Campaña & Raquel Ortega, 2016. "Time spent on cultural activities at home in Spain: Differences between wage-earners and the self-employed," Documentos de Trabajo dt2016-01, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
    9. J. Gimenez-Nadal & Jose Molina, 2013. "Parents’ education as a determinant of educational childcare time," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 26(2), pages 719-749, April.
    10. Mark Aguiar & Erik Hurst, 2007. "Measuring Trends in Leisure: The Allocation of Time Over Five Decades," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 122(3), pages 969-1006.
    11. Daniel S. Hamermesh & Jungmin Lee, 2007. "Stressed Out on Four Continents: Time Crunch or Yuppie Kvetch?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 89(2), pages 374-383, May.
    12. Charlene M. Kalenkoski & David C. Ribar & Leslie S. Stratton, 2005. "Parental Child Care in Single-Parent, Cohabiting, and Married-Couple Families: Time-Diary Evidence from the United Kingdom," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(2), pages 194-198, May.
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    3. Magaña, Diego & Muñoz, Katherine, 2019. "¿Cuál es el modelo microeconómico ideal para representar las preferencias de los consumidores españoles en el periodo 1980-2015?: El caso de muebles, mobiliario y equipamiento
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    4. Mora Gómez, Manuel & Mompel Lancina, David, 2019. "Cultura, educación y ocio en España: Estimaciones del Sistema de Demanda Casi Ideal y del Modelo de Rotterdam
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    5. García, Lucia, 2018. "Demand behaviour in Spain during the last three decades: What is the ideal microeconomic model to represent consumer preferences?," MPRA Paper 87937, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Perchín Milián, Celia & Cañoto Martínez, Miguel, 2019. "Gastos Médicos en España: Estimaciones del Sistema de Demanda Casi Ideal y del Modelo de Rotterdam
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