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Ökonometrische Analyse diskreter dynamischer Entscheidungsprozesse

  • Winter, Joachim


    (Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA))

Eine Vielzahl ökonomischer Entscheidungen ist diskreter Natur und weist ein intertemporales, sequentielles Element auf. Beispiele sind das Ersatzproblem für dauerhafte Wirtschaftsgüter, die Investitionsentscheidung bei endogenem Marktaustritt, die Wahl des Verrentungszeitpunktes sowie die Migrationsentscheidung. Wegen ihrer sequentiellen Struktur sollte die Analyse dieser Entscheidungen in ein intertemporales Optimierungmodell eingebettet werden; in diesen Fällen spricht man von diskreten dynamischen Entscheidungsprozessen. Die strukturelle ökonometrische Analyse derartiger Modelle ist anspruchsvoll, weil sie eine Lösung des zugrundeliegenden dynamischen Optimierungsmodells erfordert. In den letzten Jahren wurden dazu eine Reihe von Verfahren entwickelt, die in dieser Arbeit vorgestellt werden sollen. Der Schwerpunkt liegt dabei auf einem von Rust (1987, 1988) entwickelten Maximum-Likelihood-Verfahren, dem geschachtelten Fixpunkt-Algorithmus. Dieses Verfahren ist vielseitig einsetzbar, aber numerisch aufwendig. Praktische Erfahrungen mit diesem Verfahren werden anhand der genannten vier Anwendungen (Ersatzinvestition, Betriebsschließung, Ruhestandsentscheidung, Migration) illustriert.

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Paper provided by Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim & Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim in its series Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications with number 99-27.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: 01 Dec 1997
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:xrs:sfbmaa:99-27
Note: Financial Support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, SFB 504 at the University of Mannheim, is gratefully acknowledged.
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  1. Hansen, Lars Peter & Sargent, Thomas J., 1980. "Formulating and estimating dynamic linear rational expectations models," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 7-46, May.
  2. Ray C. Fair & John B. Taylor, 1980. "Solution and Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Dynamic Nonlinear Rational Expectations Models," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 564, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  3. John Rust & Christopher Phelan, 1994. "How Social Security and Medicare Affect Retirement Behavior in a World of Incomplete Markets," Public Economics 9406005, EconWPA, revised 06 Jul 1994.
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  7. Winter, Joachim, . "Investment and Exit Decisions at the Plant Level: A Dynamic Programming Approach," Monographs in Economics, University of Munich, Department of Economics, number 19732, December.
  8. John Rust, 1987. "A Dynamic Programming Model of Retirement Behavior," NBER Working Papers 2470, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. An, Mark Y., 1995. "Econometric Analysis of Sequential Discrete Choice Models," Working Papers 95-55, Duke University, Department of Economics.
  10. Keane, Michael & Wolpin, Kenneth, 1997. "Introduction to the JBES Special Issue on Structural Estimation in Applied Microeconomics," MPRA Paper 55136, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Rust, John, 1987. "Optimal Replacement of GMC Bus Engines: An Empirical Model of Harold Zurcher," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(5), pages 999-1033, September.
  12. Kapteyn, Arie & Kiefer, Nicholas M & Rust, John, 1995. "Introduction: The Microeconometrics of Dynamic Decision Making," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(S), pages S1-7, Suppl. De.
  13. Hansen, Lars Peter & Singleton, Kenneth J, 1982. "Generalized Instrumental Variables Estimation of Nonlinear Rational Expectations Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(5), pages 1269-86, September.
  14. Lucas, Robert Jr, 1976. "Econometric policy evaluation: A critique," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 19-46, January.
  15. Rust, John, 1996. "Numerical dynamic programming in economics," Handbook of Computational Economics, in: H. M. Amman & D. A. Kendrick & J. Rust (ed.), Handbook of Computational Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 14, pages 619-729 Elsevier.
  16. Hansen, Lars Peter, 1982. "Large Sample Properties of Generalized Method of Moments Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 1029-54, July.
  17. Fair, Ray C., 1996. "Computational methods for macroeconometric models," Handbook of Computational Economics, in: H. M. Amman & D. A. Kendrick & J. Rust (ed.), Handbook of Computational Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 3, pages 143-169 Elsevier.
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