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The Incentives for Takeover in Oligopoly

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  • Roman Inderst
  • Christian Wey

Abstract

This paper presents a model of takeover incentives in an oligopolistic industry, which,in contrast to previous approaches, takes both insiders' and outsiders' gains from anincrease in industry concentration into account. Our main application is to comparetakeover incentives in a differentiated Cournot and Bertrand oligopoly model withlinear demand and costs. We provide a complete analysis for arbitrary numbers of firms,complements and substitutes, and degrees of product differentiation. An increase inconcentration is more likely under Cournot competition if products are complementsand more likely under Bertrand competition if products are substitutes. Moreover, asproducts become closer substitutes, a takeover becomes more likely under Bertrand andless likely under Cournot competition. ZUSAMMENFASSUNG - (Übernahmeanreize im Oligopol) In dieser Arbeit wird ein Modell zur Analyse von Fusionsanreizen vorgestellt, in dem - im Gegensatz zu vorhergehenden Untersuchungen - sowohl die Gewinnzuwächse der an der Fusion beteiligten Firmen als auch die Gewinnveränderungen der Konkurrenzunternehmen die Übernahmewahrscheinlichkeit bestimmen. Die wichtigste Anwendung ist der Vergleich der Übernahmeanreize im Cournot- und Bertrand-Oligopol mit differenzierten Gütern und linearen Nachfrage- und Kostenfunktionen. Die Arbeit bietet eine vollständige Analyse für eine beliebige Anzahl von Unternehmen, komplementäre und substituierbare Güter und unterschiedliche Grade der Produktdifferenzierung. Eine Zunahme der Konzentration in einer Industrie ist wahrscheinlicher bei Cournot-Konkurrenz, wenn die Güter komplementär sind, und wahrscheinlicher bei Bertrand-Konkurrenz, wenn die Güter substituierbar sind. Des weiteren steigt (sinkt) die Übernahmewahrscheinlichkeit mit zunehmender Substituierbarkeit der Güter bei Bertrand- (Cournot-) Konkurrenz.

Suggested Citation

  • Roman Inderst & Christian Wey, 2001. "The Incentives for Takeover in Oligopoly," CIG Working Papers FS IV 01-24, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG).
  • Handle: RePEc:wzb:wzebiv:fsiv01-24
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Granier, Laurent & Podesta, Marion, 2010. "Bundling and Mergers in Energy Markets," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 1316-1324, November.
    2. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:4:y:2008:i:14:p:1-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Jozsef Molnar, 2002. "Preemptive Horizontal Mergers: Theory and Evidence," IEHAS Discussion Papers 0213, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    4. Felix Höffler, 2008. "On the consistent use of linear demand systems if not all varieties are available," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 4(14), pages 1-5.
    5. Alberto Salvo, 2010. "Sequential Cross-border Mergers in Models of Oligopoly," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 77(306), pages 352-383, April.
    6. Marco Pagnozzi & Antonio Rosato, 2014. "Entry by Takeover: Auctions vs. Negotiations," CSEF Working Papers 353, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    7. Christos Cabolis & Constantine Manasakis & Emmanuel Petrakis, 2008. "Horizontal Mergers and Acquisitions with Endogenous Efficiency Gains," Working Papers 0817, University of Crete, Department of Economics.
    8. Banal-Estanol, A. & Heidhues, P., 2006. "Merged clusters during economic booms," Working Papers 06/07, Department of Economics, City University London.
    9. Roland Kirstein, 2013. "Fight or buy? A comparison of internationalization strategies," FEMM Working Papers 130003, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management.
    10. Roberto Burguet & Ramon Caminal, 2015. "Bargaining Failures And Merger Policy," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 56, pages 1019-1041, August.
    11. Albert Banal‐Estañol & Paul Heidhues & Rainer Nitsche & Jo Seldeslachts, 2010. "Screening And Merger Activity," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(4), pages 794-817, December.
    12. Pagnozzi, Marco & Rosato, Antonio, 2016. "Entry by takeover: Auctions vs. bilateral negotiations," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 68-84.
    13. Petrakis, Emmanuel & Moreno Ruiz, Diego & Cabolis, C. & Manasakis, C., 2016. "R&D investments fostering horizontal mergers," UC3M Working papers. Economics 23280, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
    14. Felix Höffler, 2008. "On the consistent use of linear demand systems if not all varieties are available," WHU Working Paper Series - Economics Group 08-01, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management.
    15. Rosato, Antonio, 2008. "“Matching Auctions” for Hostile Takeovers: A Model with Endogenous Target," MPRA Paper 15083, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 07 Jan 2009.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Merger; Takeover; Bidding; Oligopoly;

    JEL classification:

    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • D44 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Auctions
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
    • L41 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Monopolization; Horizontal Anticompetitive Practices

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