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Towards a Political Economy of Industrial Organization: Empirical Regularities from Deregulation


  • Tomaso Duso
  • Lars-Hendrik Röller


This paper argues that the study of policy incidence in industrial organization needs to take the endogeneity of government into account. The point is made by investigating whether political considerations are important in terms of understanding the causes and effects of deregulation using data provided by the OECD. In particular, we address two interrelated questions: (i) do political and institutional factors matter in a systematic way in terms of the decision to deregulate, and (ii) if so, what does this imply in terms of the policy incidence of deregulation. Our results indicate that political considerations do matter. Most importantly, by introducing political and institutional variables into the empirical analysis of policy incidence, we find that policy conclusions are substantially different from an analysis that treats political factors exogenously. We conclude that the evidence is suggestive of the claim that a full understanding of the effect of government intervention in the marketplace implies a closer integration of political economy with industrial organization. ZUSAMMENFASSUNG - (Ein Politökonomischer Ansatz der Industrieökonomie: Empirische Evidenz) In diesem Beitrag die Wechselwirkung zwischen Deregulierungsentscheidungen und Marktergebnissen am Beispiel von OECD-Ländern explizit untersucht. Es wird gezeigt, warum eine "exogene" Betrachtungsweise von Deregulierungspolitik zu einer inkonsistenten Einschätzung wirtschaftspolitischer Maßnahmen führen kann. In der Arbeit werden erste Ansätze beschrieben, die eine konsistente Analyse ermöglichen. Neben politischen Faktoren wird die Rückkoppelung des Marktergebnisses auf die Politikentscheidung berücksichtigt und anhand eines neuen Datensatzes für die OECD-Länder empirisch untersucht. Folgenden zentralen Forschungsfragen wird anhand der OECD-Deregulierungsdaten empirisch nachgegangen. Erstens, welche politischen und institutionellen Faktoren sind bei Deregulierungsentscheidungen von Bedeutung, und zweitens, wie verändert ein simultaner Ansatz, der die Wechselwirkung zwischen Politik und Markt zulässt, die Wirkungsanalyse von wirtschaftspolitischen Maßnahmen?

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  • Tomaso Duso & Lars-Hendrik Röller, 2001. "Towards a Political Economy of Industrial Organization: Empirical Regularities from Deregulation," CIG Working Papers FS IV 01-17, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG).
  • Handle: RePEc:wzb:wzebiv:fsiv01-17

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kishore Gawande & Usree Bandyopadhyay, 2000. "Is Protection for Sale? Evidence on the Grossman-Helpman Theory of Endogenous Protection," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(1), pages 139-152, February.
    2. Kaserman, David L & Mayo, John W & Pacey, Patricia L, 1993. "The Political Economy of Deregulation: The Case of Intrastate Long Distance," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 49-63, March.
    3. Neven, Damien J. & Roller, Lars-Hendrik, 2005. "Consumer surplus vs. welfare standard in a political economy model of merger control," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 23(9-10), pages 829-848, December.
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    7. Winston, Clifford, 1993. "Economic Deregulation: Days of Reckoning for Microeconomists," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 31(3), pages 1263-1289, September.
    8. Persson, Torsten & Tabellini, Guido, 1999. "The size and scope of government:: Comparative politics with rational politicians," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(4-6), pages 699-735, April.
    9. Tomaso Duso, 2002. "On the Politics of the Regulatory Reform: Econometric Evidence from the OECD Countries," CIG Working Papers FS IV 02-07, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG).
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    12. Donald, Stephen G & Sappington, David E M, 1997. "Choosing among Regulatory Options in the United States Telecommunications Industry," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 227-243, November.
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    14. Randall S. Kroszner & Philip E. Strahan, 1999. "What Drives Deregulation? Economics and Politics of the Relaxation of Bank Branching Restrictions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(4), pages 1437-1467.
    15. Besley, Timothy & Case, Anne, 2000. "Unnatural Experiments? Estimating the Incidence of Endogenous Policies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(467), pages 672-694, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Philippe Gagnepain & Marc Ivaldi, 2009. "Contract choice, incentives, and political capture in public transport services," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00622963, HAL.
    2. Gagnepain, Philippe & Ivaldi, Marc, 2010. "Contract Choice, Incentives, and Political Capture in the Public Sector," CEPR Discussion Papers 8053, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    More about this item


    Deregulation; Political Economy; Mobile Telecommunications; Simultaneity Bias; OECD;

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
    • L43 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Legal Monopolies and Regulation or Deregulation
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • L96 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Telecommunications


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