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Innovation, Inequality and Intellectual Property Rights

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  • Diana Weinhold

    (London School of Economics)

  • Usha Nair- Reichert

    (Georgia Institute of Technology)

Abstract

The existing literature on the sources and nature of productivity growth during the early industrialization stages of U.S. has identified the combination of intellectual property rights (IPRs) with a large middle class and broad participation in markets as explanations for the extraordinary level and growth of patenting. This paper considers whether these factors could play a role in the contemporaneous evolution of innovation in a broad cross section of countries today. Our results indicate that IPRs and the size of the middle class help explain patterns of resident, but not non-resident patenting. Overall, the evidence suggests that non-resident patenting patterns are driven more by exogenous factors and global integration, while 'home grown' innovation is more sensitive to internal structural and institutional factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Diana Weinhold & Usha Nair- Reichert, 2004. "Innovation, Inequality and Intellectual Property Rights," Development and Comp Systems 0410002, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Feb 2005.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:0410002
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    Cited by:

    1. Castellacci, Fulvio & Natera, Jose Miguel, 2013. "The dynamics of national innovation systems: A panel cointegration analysis of the coevolution between innovative capability and absorptive capacity," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 579-594.
    2. William R. DiPietro, 2013. "Effects of Connectivity and Freedom on Innovation: An Empirical Test Using Different Data Sources," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 3, pages 83-89, February.
    3. Thanos Fragkandreas, 2022. "Three Decades of Research on Innovation and Inequality: Causal Scenarios, Explanatory Factors, and Suggestions," Working Papers 60, Birkbeck Centre for Innovation Management Research, revised Feb 2022.
    4. Sirine MNIF, 2016. "Skill biased technological changes: Case of the MENA Region," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(3(608), A), pages 339-350, Autumn.
    5. Caiani, Alessandro & Russo, Alberto & Gallegati, Mauro, 2016. "Does Inequality Hamper Innovation and Growth?," MPRA Paper 71864, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Willoughby, Kelvin W. & Mullina, Nadezhda, 2021. "Reverse innovation, international patenting and economic inertia: Constraints to appropriating the benefits of technological innovation," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 67(C).
    7. Lorenzo Napolitano & Angelica Sbardella & Davide Consoli & Nicolo Barbieri & Francois Perruchas, 2020. "Green Innovation and Income Inequality: A Complex System Analysis," SPRU Working Paper Series 2020-11, SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex Business School.
    8. Alberto Botta, 2017. "The Complex Inequality–Innovation–Public Investment Nexus: What We (Don’t) Know, What We Should Know and What We Have to Do," Forum for Social Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 275-298, July.
    9. Caiani, Alessandro & Russo, Alberto & Gallegati, Mauro, 2020. "Are Higher Wages Good For Business? An Assessment Under Alternative Innovation And Investment Scenarios," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(1), pages 191-230, January.
    10. Sirine MNIF, 2016. "Bilateral Relationship between Technological Changes and Income Inequality in Developing Countries," Economic Analysis Working Papers (2002-2010). Atlantic Review of Economics (2011-2016), Colexio de Economistas de A Coruña, Spain and Fundación Una Galicia Moderna, vol. 1, pages 1-1, June.
    11. Uyar, Ali & Bani-Mustafa, Ahmed & Nimer, Khalil & Schneider, Friedrich & Hasnaoui, Amir, 2021. "Does innovation capacity reduce tax evasion? Moderating effect of intellectual property rights," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 173(C).
    12. Sirine Mnif & Chiraz Feki & Ines Abdelkafi, 2018. "Effects of Technological Shock on Employment: Application of Structural Approach VECM," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 9(4), pages 1138-1153, December.
    13. Xing Gao & Keyu Zhai, 2021. "Spatial Mechanisms of Regional Innovation Mobility in China," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 156(1), pages 247-270, July.
    14. Sirine Mnif, 2015. "Impact of Inequalities on Technological Changes: Case of the Developing Countries," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 5(3), pages 460-478, March.
    15. Xing Gao & Keyu Zhai & Yue Qiu & Mengqiu Cao & Meiling Wu, 2020. "Innovation Institution and Spatial Transfer of Energy Industry: The Case of Jiangsu Province, China," SAGE Open, , vol. 10(1), pages 21582440199, January.
    16. Sirine Mnif, 2016. "Skill-Biased Technological Change: The Case Of The Mena Region," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade, vol. 61(210), pages 101-116, July - Se.
    17. Alessandro Caiani & Alberto Russo & Mauro Gallegati, 2019. "Does inequality hamper innovation and growth? An AB-SFC analysis," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 177-228, March.
    18. Ozan Hatipoglu, 2007. "An Empirical Analysis of the Relationship Between Inequality and Innovation in a Schumpeterian Framework," Working Papers 2007/10, Bogazici University, Department of Economics.
    19. A. Karayev K. & А. Караев К., 2018. "Влияние финансиализации и неравенства распределения доходов на рост экономики, инвестиционные процессы и инновации // The Impact of Financialization and Income Inequality on Economic Growth, Investmen," Экономика. Налоги. Право // Economics, taxes & law, ФГОБУ "Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации" // Financial University under The Government of Russian Federation, vol. 11(6), pages 57-68.
    20. Ugur, Mehmet, 2012. "Market Power, Governance and Innovation: OECD Evidence," MPRA Paper 44141, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Sirine MNIF, 2017. "The Impact of Inequality on Growth Driven by Technological Changes: a Panel of Developing Countries," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 8(1), pages 127-140, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    intellectual property rights; innovation; income inequality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital

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