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The determinants of regional disparities in skill segregation – Evidence from a cross section of German regions

  • Annekatrin Niebuhr

    ()

  • Javier Revilla Diez
  • Fabian Böttcher
  • Friso Schlitte

Increasing inequality in qualification specific employment prospects characterises labour markets in most highly developed countries. Theoretical models suggest that in-plant skill segregation might matter for the polarization of employment and wages. According to these models production technology and the educational level of the work force are important determinants of skill segregation. There are some studies that investigate the increasing in-plant skill segregation at the national level. However, since production technologies and skill structures are characterized by pronounced regional disparities, there are likely significant differences in the level of segregation between regions. But empirical evidence on corresponding regional inequalities is lacking. The objective of this analysis is to investigate regional disparities in skill segregation in Germany. Moreover, we analyse the determinants of these differences at the regional level. Our findings point to marked disparities among German regions. While rural areas are characterised by a weaker segregation, agglomeration areas have a higher level of skill segregation. Furthermore, skill segregation is increasing in most areas during the period under consideration, which may have regional economic consequences. The results of a regression analysis indicate that the local endowment with human capital is an important determinant for the regional level of skill segregation.

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Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa10p640.

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Date of creation: Sep 2011
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa10p640
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  1. David H. Autor, 2001. "Wiring the Labor Market," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(1), pages 25-40, Winter.
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  8. Michael Kremer & Eric Maskin, 1996. "Wage Inequality and Segregation by Skill," NBER Working Papers 5718, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  10. Dohse, Dirk & Laaser, Claus-Friedrich & Schrader, Jörg-Volker & Soltwedel, Rüdiger, 2005. "Raumstruktur im Internetzeitalter: Tod der Distanz? Eine empirische Analyse," Kiel Discussion Papers 416/417, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  11. Acemoglu, Daron, 2002. "Directed Technical Change," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 69(4), pages 781-809, October.
  12. Duranton, Gilles, 2004. "The economics of production systems: Segmentation and skill-biased change," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 307-336, April.
  13. John C. Driscoll & Aart C. Kraay, 1998. "Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimation With Spatially Dependent Panel Data," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(4), pages 549-560, November.
  14. Griliches, Zvi, 1969. "Capital-Skill Complementarity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(4), pages 465-68, November.
  15. Nickell, Stephen & Bell, Brian, 1995. "The Collapse in Demand for the Unskilled and Unemployment across the OECD," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(1), pages 40-62, Spring.
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